The white grape comes from France. Around 150 Synonyms testify the old age and the wide spread. Some of them, grouped alphabetically by country, are Druser, Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris, Clevner, Little Traminer, Rheingrauer, Ruländer, Speyerer ( Germany. Austria ); Arnaison Gris, Arnoison Gris, Auvernat Gris, Auxerrois Gris, Beurot, Friset, Fromenteau Gris, Griset, Malvoisie, Moréote Gris, Noirien Gris, Pinot Beurot ( France ); Edelklevner, Tokay until 2007 ( Alsace ); Pinot Grigio, Rulander Grigio ( Italy ); Rajik ( Moldova ); Griset, Musler ( Switzerland ); Burgundské Sivé, Rulandské Sivé ( Slovakia ); Sivi Pinot ( Slovenia ); Rulandské Šedé, Burgundské Šedé ( Czech Republic ); Hamvas Szoeloe, Skuerzbarát ( Hungary ). It is a color mutation of Pinot Noir, The Pinot Gris is the one Pinot Blanc mutates (or vice versa). The Pinot Gris variety is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). In spite of morphological Similarities or apparently indicative synonyms are not included Savagnin Rose (Traminer style) can be confused.
The three varieties Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris have their genes through natural intersections (often with the crossing partner Gouais Blanc ) passed on. However, these three varieties have an almost identical one DNA profile, which is why natural crossings cannot be determined by DNA analysis as to what this was. That is why DNA determinations only Pinot given as the parent (see a list of all direct Pinot descendants there). The variety is explicitly known for new varieties; Pinot Gris was a crossing partner at Columna. Deckrot. Freisamer. Hecker. Hoelder. Johanniter. Merzling. Nosztori Rizling. ruling and Schantlrebe,
According to a legend, Emperor Charles IV (1316-1378) brought the vine from France as early as 1375 Hungary where they from Cistercian monks was grown on Lake Balaton. That is why the Hungarian name is Szürkebarát (Gray Monk). From Hungary she allegedly found her way back to Alsace and was called Tokay here. With regard to the creation of the synonym, which has been banned since 2007, it is believed that the Alsatian winegrowers wanted to benefit from the famous name. The variety has been known since the 12th century. The first reliable mention comes from the year 1711 in Speyer in Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany). This year she was brought here by the merchant Johann Ruland (1683-1745) saved and spread from abandoned vineyards. That is why it was given the name Ruländer, which is still used in Germany today. In France it was mentioned in 1712 as Auvernat Gris, in 1770 as Pinot Beurot and only in 1783 in Flavigny on the Côte d'Or as Pinot Gris.
The early-growing and early-ripening vine is prone to the wrong people mildew and Botrytis, The berry color ranges from grayish blue to reddish brown, and it is not uncommon for all shades to appear on a single grape. It produces fragrant, extract-rich, but rather low-acid white wines with aromas of apples, almonds and honey. With appropriate expansion, these also have storage potential and, due to the high sugar content in the berries, they are often also sweetly expanded, especially in Alsace, France.
In France The total cultivated area is 2,617 hectares, 90% of which are in the Alsace where they are one of the approved varieties for the 51st Grands Crus is. The rest is mainly in the Burgundy and at the Loire, Germany occupies 4,517 hectares, especially in the growing areas to bathe. Rheinhessen and palatinate with a strongly increasing tendency, as well as in Austria 222 hectares with a downward trend. In Italy is the variety especially in the northeast in the regions Emilia-Romagna. Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. South-Tirol and Veneto spreads and occupies 17,281 hectares with a rapidly increasing tendency.
The other European countries with their stocks are England (9 ha), Croatia (219 ha), Luxembourg (146 ha), Moldova (2,042 ha), Portugal (5 ha), Romania (1,301 ha), Russia (78 ha), Switzerland (216 ha), Slovakia (211 ha), Slovenia (501 ha), Czech Republic (706 ha), Ukraine (685 ha) and Hungary (1,624 ha). This year there were stocks in overseas Argentina (297 ha), Australia (296 ha), Brazil (7 ha), Chile (100 ha), China (2 ha), Japan. Canada (549 ha), New Zealand (1,051 ha), South Africa (261 ha) and Uruguay (12 ha), as well United States with the states California (5,223 ha), Michigan. new York. Oregon. Virginia and Washington,
The variety occupied a total of 43,563 hectares of vineyards in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ). Compared to 1990 with only 18,879 hectares at the time, this was far more than double the amount with an increasing tendency. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 19.