The white grape variety comes from France. Around 150 Synonyms testify to the old age and the wide distribution. Some of them are alphabetically grouped by country: Druser, Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris, Grauer Clevner, Kleiner Traminer, Rheingrauer, Ruländer, Speyerer ( Germany. Austria ); Arnoison Gris, Arneison Gris, Griset, Griset, Malvoisie, Moréote Gris, Pinot Beurot, Arneison Gris, Averner Gris, Auxerrois Gris, Beurot, Friset, Griset France ); Edelklevner, Tokay until 2007 ( Alsace ); Pinot Grigio, Rulander Grigio ( Italy ); Rajik ( Moldova ); Griset, Musler ( Switzerland ); Burgundy Sivé, Rulandské Sivé ( Slovakia ); Sivi Pinot ( Slovenia ); Rulandské Šedé, Burgundské Šedé ( Czech Republic ); Skagerbarát ( Hungary ). It is a color mutation of Pinot Noir, From the Pinot Gris is then the Pinot Blanc mutated (or vice versa). The variety Pinot Gris is one of the Pinot varieties (see there in detail). She may despite morphological Similarities or apparently indicative synonyms not with Savagnin Rose (Traminer-style) are confused.
The three varieties Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris have their genes by natural intersections (often with the crossing partner Gouais blanc ). However, these three varieties have a nearly identical DNA profile why, in natural crosses, DNA analysis can not tell which one it was. That is why DNA determinations only Pinot specified as parent (see there a list of all direct Pinot offspring). In new breeds, the variety is explicitly known; Pinot Gris was crossing partner at Columna. Deckrot. Freisamer. Hecker. Hoelder. Johanniter. Merzling. Nosztori Rizling. ruling and Schantlrebe,
According to a legend, Emperor Charles IV (1316-1378) brought the vine as early as 1375 from France Hungary where they are from Cistercian monks was grown on Lake Balaton. Therefore the Hungarian name is Szürkebarát (Gray Monk). From Hungary she then allegedly found her way back to Alsace and was referred to here as Tokay. About the origin of the prohibited since 2007 synonym is believed that the Alsatian winemakers wanted to benefit from the famous name. The variety has been known since the 12th century. The first reliable mention comes however only from the year 1711 in Speyer in Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany). This year she was here by the merchant Johann Ruland (1683-1745) saved from abandoned vineyards and spread. That is why she received the name Ruländer, which is still common in Germany today. In France, it was mentioned in 1712 as Auvernat Gris, 1770 as Pinot Beurot and only 1783 in Flavigny on the Côte d'Or as Pinot Gris.
The early sprouting and early ripening vine is prone to fake mildew and Botrytis, The berry color is between gray-blue to reddish-brown, not infrequently all shades occur on a single grape. It produces fragrant, extract rich, but rather low-acid white wines with aromas of apples, almonds and honey. These have storage potential with appropriate expansion and are often also sweetly expanded due to high sugar content in the berries, especially in French Alsace.
In France the acreage totaled 2,617 hectares, of which 90% alone Alsace where she is one of the approved varieties for the 51st Grands Crus is. The rest is mainly in the Burgundy and at the Loire, Germany occupies 4,517 hectares, especially in the growing areas to bathe. Rheinhessen and palatinate with strongly rising tendency, as well as in Austria 222 acres with falling tendency. In Italy The variety is mainly in the northeast in the regions Emilia-Romagna. Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Lombardy. South-Tirol and Veneto spreads and occupies 17,281 acres with a strong upward trend.
The other European countries with their stocks are England (9 ha), Croatia (219 ha), Luxembourg (146 ha), Moldova (2,042 ha), Portugal (5 ha), Romania (1,301 ha), Russia (78 ha), Switzerland (216 ha), Slovakia (211 ha), Slovenia (501 ha), Czech Republic (706 ha), Ukraine (685 ha) and Hungary (1,624 ha). Overseas, there were stocks in this year Argentina (297 ha), Australia (296 ha), Brazil (7 ha), Chile (100 ha), China (2 ha), Japan. Canada (549 ha), New Zealand (1,051 ha), South Africa (261 ha) and Uruguay (12 ha), as well United States with the states California (5,223 ha), Michigan. new York. Oregon. Virginia and Washington,
The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 43,563 hectares of vineyards (Statistics Kym Anderson ). Compared to the year 1990, at that time only 18,879 hectares, this was far more than double the amount and the trend is still rising. It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on the 19th rank.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)