The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Blue Muller Grape, Muller Vine, Muller Grape, Muller Wife, Postitsch Grape, Schwarzblaue Muller Vine, Schwarzriesling ( Germany. Austria ); Auvernat Gris, Auvernat Meunier, Blanche Feuille, Carpinet, Farineux Noir, Fresillon, FromentÃ ©, Gris Meunier, Meunier, Meunier Gris, Morillon TaconnÃ ©, Noirien de Vuillapans, Noirin Enfarine, Plant de Brie, TrÃ © zillon ( France ); Morone Farinaccio ( Italy ); Rana Modra Mlinaria, Rana Modra Mlinarica, Rana Modra Molinaria ( Croatia ); Pinot Negro ( Spain ); Molnar Szölö, Molnar Toke, Molnar Toke Kék ( Hungary ); Black Riesling, Dusty Miller, Miller's Burgundy, Miller's Grape, Wrotham Pinot ( United States ). It is about a mutation of Pinot Noir; she is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). The name (Meunier = miller), she received because the underside of the hairy leaves and the shoot tips seem like dusted with flour. Two somatic mutations by Pinot Meunier Rubin grape and Samtrot, although the second, especially in Germany is considered a mutation of Pinot Noir.
The early (much earlier than Pinot Noir) ripening vine is prone to Botrytis and chlorosis, It produces lower quality and more acidic red wines than Pinot Noir and is therefore rarely fortified. The variety is excellent as basic wine for the production of sparkling wines. She is with this property mainly in France in the Champagne Next Chardonnay and Pinot Noir as the third main variety for the champagne known. But also outside of France, she is often for the sparkling wine production used.
A first mention of the variety in France took place in 1690 under the name Morillon Taconné. Here it is mainly in the north in the areas Champagne (one third of the vineyard), Loire and Alsace represented. The acreage in 2009 totaled 11,088 hectares. In Germany In 2009, a total of 2,303 hectares were recorded, of which 1,691 in Wuerttemberg, In Austria it is admitted, but no quantities were reported in 2009. Other stocks in Europe existed in 2010 England (50 ha), Italy (14 ha) and Spain (1 ha). Overseas, she was represented in 2010 Argentina (12 ha), Canada (5 ha), New Zealand (19 ha) and South Africa (13 ha), as well as the United States (66 ha) in California and Oregon. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 13,570 hectares of vineyards with rising tendency. Compared to the year 2000, at that time 10,832 hectares, this was an increase of a quarter. It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 54.