The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Blue Müllertraube, Müllerrebe, Müllertraube, Müllerweib, Postitschtraube, Schwarzblaue Müllerrebe, Schwarzriesling ( Germany. Austria ); Auvernat Gris, Auvernat Meunier, Blanche Feuille, Carpinet, Farineux Noir, Fresillon, Fromenté, Gris Meunier, Meunier, Meunier Gris, Morillon Taconné, Noirien de Vuillapans, Noirin Enfarine, Plant de Brie, Trézillon ( France ); Morone Farinaccio ( Italy ); Rana Modra Mlinaria, Rana Modra Mlinarica, Rana Modra Molinaria ( Croatia ); Pinot Negro ( Spain ); Molnar Szölö, Molnar Toke, Molnar Toke Kék ( Hungary ); Black Riesling, Dusty Miller, Miller's Burgundy, Miller's Grape, Wrotham Pinot ( United States ). It is about a mutation of Pinot Noir; it is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). It got the name (Meunier = Müller) because the underside of the heavily hairy leaves and the tips of the shoots appear to have been dusted with flour. Three somatic mutations from Pinot Meunier Rubin grape. Samtrot (but is mainly seen in Germany as a mutation of Pinot Noir) and Pinot Meunier Dwarf .
The vine ripens early (much earlier than Pinot Noir) is prone to Botrytis and chlorosis, It produces lower-quality, more acidic red wines than Pinot Noir and is therefore rarely developed in single varieties. The variety is excellent as basic wine for the production of sparkling wines. It is mainly in France with this property Champagne Next Chardonnay and Pinot Noir as the third main variety for the champagne known. But also outside of France it is often used for sparkling wine production used.
The variety was first mentioned in France in 1690 under the name Morillon Taconné. Here it is mainly in the north in the areas Champagne (one third of the vineyard area), Loire and Alsace represented. The total acreage in 2009 was 11,088 hectares. In Germany A total of 2,303 hectares were recorded in 2009, of which 1,691 in Wuerttemberg, In Austria although it is approved, no quantities were shown in 2009. There were further stocks in Europe in 2010 England (50 ha), Italy (14 ha) and Spain (1 ha). She was represented overseas in 2010 Argentina (12 ha), Canada (5 ha), New Zealand (19 ha) and South Africa (13 ha), as well as the United States (66 ha) in California and Oregon. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 13,570 hectares of vineyards with an upward trend. Compared to 2000 with 10,832 hectares at the time, this was an increase by a quarter. It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 54.