The red grape variety (also Perold's Hermitage x Pinot) is one new breed between Cinsault x Pinot Noir, The name derives from Pinot Noir and Hermitage ab (Hermitage is a historical synonym for Cinsaut in South Africa). The cross was made in 1924 by Professor Abraham Isak Perold (1880-1941) at the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa, The long unnoticed vines were then saved by a certain Charlie Niehaus from being forgotten and passed on to the nursery Charles Theron passed on. Here they were successfully grafted onto virus-free documents in 1935. Wine was first obtained from it in 1941. Only in 1961 was the winery Stellenbosch Farmer's Winery used the name Pinotage, which then prevailed.
The early to medium ripening, productive vine is moderately susceptible to both mildews. Botrytis and viral diseases, It produces purple, fruity, extract-rich red wines with soft tannins and aromas of red fruits and plums. grown on 6,240 hectares. Here she is happy to be the basis for Cape blends used. In 1995 the Kanonkop Estate founded the "Pinotage Association" with an annual competition. There are further stocks in Australia. Brazil (75 ha), Israel. Canada. New Zealand (74 ha) and Zimbabwe, as well as in the US states California (21 ha), Oregon and Washington, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 6,404 hectares of vineyards. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 97.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)