The variety group Piquepoul date back to France from the department Vaucluse in the Provence, Synonyms are Avello, Avillo, Fehér Piquepoul, Languedocien, Picapoll, Picabolla, Picapulla, Picboul, Picpoul de Pinet and Piquepoul de Pinet. It is a very old vine, because already in 1384 a variety Picapoll Nigri was Piquepoul Noir mentioned. Of which are through mutation the two varieties Piquepoul Blanc and Piquepoul Gris emerged. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological and name similarities with the independent varieties Baco Blanc (Piquepoul du Gers), Picapoll Blanco. Folle Blanche (Piquepoul) or Ondenc (Piquepout de Moissac) can be confused.
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis and both mildews, The name "Piquepoul = lip biter" is derived from the high acidity of white wines with a lemon aroma. This makes them ideal for blends and distillation, Until phylloxera around 1878 it was the most important variety for the Armagnac, but was then of the Ugni Blanc variety ( Trebbiano Toscano ) repressed. However, it is coming back into fashion and mainly occupied in 2010 Languedoc-Roussillon 1,492 hectares (10 years earlier there were 975). There, for example, it is a defining component in the Picpoul de Pinet, At the Rhone it is also in the three appellations Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Lirac and Ventoux authorized. There are also small stocks in California,
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)