The variety group Piquepoul date back to France namely from the department Vaucluse in the Provence, It is a very old variety, because the first mention of the red sport took place already in 1384 under the name Picapoll Nigri. In this case, it may therefore be the Ursorteorte, of the other mutates are. There are the three varieties Piquepoul Blanc and Piquepoul Noir (both of which are still widely used) as well as the nearly extinct ones Piquepoul Gris, The three are made according to 2006 DNA analysis genetically identical. It was also refuted the long-standing (due to similarity in name) presumption that Piquepoul Blanc with the Spanish Picapoll Blanco (possibly identical to the Clairette ) is identical.
There are around 70 synonyms for Piquepoul Blanc, some of which are Avillo, Dame Blanche, Enrageat, Fehér Piquepoul, Folle Girodine, Gros Plant, Languedocien, Petit Verjus, Picboul, Picpouille Blanc, Picpoul de Pinet, Piquepoul de Pinet and Taloche du Lot. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities, it may not with the independent varieties Baco Blanc (Piquepoul du Gers), Clairette = Picapoll Blanco. Fool Blanche (Piquepoul) or Ondenc (Piquepout de Moissac).
The medium to late ripening, high yielding vine is prone to Botrytis and both mildews, The name "Piquepoul = lip balm" is derived from the high acidity of white wines with lemon flavor. That makes them ideal for blends and distillation, Until the phylloxera around the year 1878 it was the most important variety for the Armagnac, but was then of the variety Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) repressed. But she comes back into fashion and finished in 2010 mainly in the Languedoc-Roussillon 1,492 hectares (10 years before it was 975). There it is, for example, a determining component in the Picpoul de Pinet, At the Rhone she is also in the three appellations Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Lirac and Ventoux authorized. There are also small stocks in California,
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)