The red grape comes from France, Synonyms are Blue Pique Poule, Kék Piquepoul, Languedocien, Pical, Pical Negro, Pical Polho, Pical Polo, Picapoll, Picapolla, Picapoll Negro, Picapoll Tinta, Picpoul, Picpoule, Pikpul Chery, Piquepoule and Piquerette Noir. The first mention was made in 1384 under Picapoll Nigri, of which the color varieties Piquepoul Blanc and Piquepoul Gris are mutated (see under Piquepoul ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological or similarities of names they may not with the varieties Calitor Noir (Piquepoul de Fronton) or Cinsault (Piquepoul d'Uzès) can be confused.
The medium to late ripening, quite productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis and real ones mildew, It produces light red, alcohol-rich, aromatic wines that are also very suitable for the production of rose wines. The variety is among others in the wines of the Appellations Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Cotes du Rhone. Grignan-les-Adhémar and Ventoux (Rhône), as well Minervois (Languedoc) approved. In France, it is grown on 60 hectares with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 94). In Spain it will be on four hectares in the region Catalonia cultured. And in Portugal it is grown on six hectares under the name Pical and is there in Vinho Verde authorized. In 2010 it occupied a total of 70 hectares of vineyards (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)