The red variety comes from France, Synonyms are Languedocien, Pical, Picapoll Negro and Picapoll Tinta. The Piquepoul Group comes from the département Vaucluse in the Provence, There are the varieties Piquepoul Blanc and Piquepoul Noir, as well as the nearly extinct Piquepoul Gris, The three are made according to 2006 DNA analysis genetically identical. The first mention of the red variety took place already in 1384 under Picapoll Nigri; this one should therefore be the Ursorte, from which the others mutates are. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological or name similarities she may not with the varieties Calitor Noir (Piquepoul de Fronton) or Cinsault (Piquepoul d'Uzès) are confused.
The medium to late ripening, quite productive vine is prone to Botrytis and real mildew, It produces bright red, alcohol-rich, aromatic wines, which are also very suitable for the production of rosé wines. The variety is among others in the wines of the appellations Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Côtes du Rhône. Grignan-les-Adhémar and Ventoux (Rhône), as well Minervois (Languedoc) admitted. In France, it is cultivated on 60 hectares with falling tendency (ten years before it was 94). In Spain she is on four acres in the region Catalonia cultured. And in Portugal It is grown under the name Pical on six hectares and is there in the Vinho Verde authorized. In 2010 she took a total of 70 hectares of vineyards (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)