The Italian pomologist (fruit cultivator) Alberto Piròvano (1884-1973) was a professor at the research center “Istituto di Frutticoltura ed Elettrogenetica di Roma” in Rome. He dealt intensively with the subject of vine breeding, focusing on table grapes was. From 1912 he began experimentally irradiating the breeding plant material with X-rays and UV rays, as well as their exposure to magnetic fields to detect changes in the cell material and thus a mutation bring about. It can thus be seen as an early manipulative Genetic engineers describe. He published the breeding results under the name "La Mutazione Elettrica delle Specie Botaniche e la Disciplina dell'Ibridazione" (genetic changes in plants due to electrical radiation). He subsequently published around 50 dossiers on this topic.
His father Luigi Piròvano was also a vine grower. Around 150 of the new varieties bear the name Pirovano plus number, which mostly served only as breeding material. Alberto Piròvano started crossing at the age of 15 (source: Pierre Galet ). The Pirovano varieties were for commercial use, that was Agostenga Rosa (P. 14), Angelo Pirovano (P. 2), aromatica (P. 393), Aurora (P. 100), Ciclopica (P. 60), Delizia di Vaprio (P. 46a), Formosa (P. 245), ignea (P. 185), Italia (P. 65), Marengo (P. 205), Mendel (P. 532), Pardina (P. 130), Perlona (P. 54), Primus (P. 7), San Martino (P. 215), Servabilis (P. 221), Solferino (P. 316), Victor (P. 314) and Volta (P. 105). The Pirovano 1 was a crossing partner for Schönburger who have favourited Pirovano 62 for that of Giovanni Dalmasso (1886-1974) in Conegliano (Veneto) created four new varieties Giovanna. Liana. Teresita and viola,