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Greek term for a large, thick-walled and bulbous vessel (mostly pithoi) made of stoneware or clay. It was one amphora Similar, but mostly had a flat bottom compared to this, so that it could also be kept standing. It was too high and had eyelets on the top through which ropes could be pulled for transport. It was in antique Greece especially in Aegean Culture room used as a storage and transport container for grain, honey, olive oil, salt and wine. The surface was smooth or structured with tape patterns in beige, sand, brown and red ocher. In a basement in Zagora on the Cyclades island Andros found 47 pithoi for wine. In addition, it also served for funeral services. The philosopher Diogenes (410-323 BC) is said to have lived temporarily in a pithos. Similar vessels are Dolium (Roman), Kvevri (Georgian), Talha (Portuguese) and tinaja (Spanish). See also under wine vessels,

Pithos / Diogenes in a barrel (Pithos)

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