The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Seibel 4461 ( Clairette Dorée Ganzin x Seibel 2003 = vivarais ) x Berlandieri Planchon (Seibel 5163 x Seibel 880 is incorrectly stated in older sources). Synonyms are Pignoleta Nera, Pignoletta and Seibel 5455. They are genes from Vitis aestivalis. Vitis berlandieri. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done at the beginning of the 20th century by the French breeder Albert Seibel (1844-1936). It was (mostly under the name Seibel 5455) crossing partner in the five new varieties Bellandais. Seyve-Villard 18-402. Colobel. Landal Noir and Verdelet,
The early ripening vine is very resistant to frost, Real and false mildew, such as Botrytis, It produces a dark red wine with an insensitive raspberry aroma. The variety was very successful and was grown in France cultivated on around 28,000 hectares until the 1950s. After a temporary ban on EU hybrids, it was re-registered here in 2008. It occupies 1,060 hectares mainly on the Loire, In North America it is mainly in the state new York cultured. There are also small quantities in the Switzerland, In 2010, however, only stocks in France were recorded (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)