The red variety is an interspecific new breed between Seibel 4461 ( Clairette Dorée Ganzin x Seibel 2003 = vivarais ) x Berlandieri Planchon (older sources mistakenly refer to Seibel 5163 x Seibel 880). Synonyms are Pignoleta Nera, Pignoletta and Seibel 5455. They are genes of Vitis aestivalis. Vitis berlandieri. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place at the beginning of the 20th century by the French breeder Albert Seibel (1844-1936). She was (mostly under the name Seibel 5455) crossing partner in the five new breeds Bellandais. Seyve-Villard 18-402. Colobel. Landal Noir and Verdelet,
The early ripening vine is very resistant to frost, Real and wrong mildew, such as Botrytis, She makes a dark red wine with insensitive raspberry flavor. The variety was very successful and was in France cultivated extensively on about 28,000 hectares until the 1950s. After an interim EU hybrid ban, she was re-admitted here in 2008. It occupies 1,060 hectares of vineyards mainly on the Loire, In North America, it is mainly in the state new York cultured. There are also small amounts in the Switzerland, In 2010, however, only stocks in France were recorded (Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)