Term for a temporary right, for an agricultural area vines to plant. It is in detail EU regulations as well as in the wine laws of the EU member states. Previously, limited planting rights were assigned to each member country. This was to guarantee a stable and balanced development of the vineyards and prevent unrestrained growth. After individual member states had almost completely exhausted their planting rights, they were traded on the free market. As part of the reform of the wine market regime, the EU Commission proposed in 2008 that the system be phased out, since the cost of a planting right represents a competitive disadvantage for European winegrowers compared to producers in Australia, California and South Africa, where planting rights are unknown. The expiry of planting rights was therefore stipulated in the EU Wine Market Regulations 2009 from the beginning of 2016.
After only two years many countries it became clear that an unbridled planting in the EU major drawbacks contains within itself. The European Union also had three years clearing action spent more than 1.2 billion euros between 2008 and 2011 to clear around 160,000 hectares of vineyards. Without planting rights, there would have been a risk that these areas would be replanted. Many countries have therefore called for the reintroduction of planting rights. A commission set up the following: As of the reporting date July 31, 2012, the member states of the EU had 296,141 hectares of free planting rights, so that vineyards could be expanded very quickly. A very different interpretation of the regulations was also found in the individual countries. This resulted in the need for a new, unified system.
In December 2013, the EU bodies agreed on a "new authorization system for planting vines" as of January 1, 2016. A permit is required for each planting. A distinction is made between planting "with" and "without" previous clearing. Similar to the old replanting law, a company can replant to the extent of a cleared area. However, this is tied to the company and must take place within three years. A transfer of the rights or a trade is excluded. Applicants requiring planting without prior Roden is limited to 1% per year of the total area (in Austria are the maximum of 450 hectares).
Already approved planting rights from an old system can be converted into a permit. The criteria for the award are set by the EU and offer opportunities for the selection of certain groups such as As young entrepreneurs, this organic farms, planting in naturally disadvantaged areas, plantings in steep or terraced vineyards or Land regrouping measures, The member states of the European Union must define the desired ones and coordinate the allocation of the areas in their country (source: Der Winzer 5/2014. See further information on wine law under wine law,