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Poland

Poland (GB)
Polonia (ES)
Pologne (F)
Polonia (I)
Polónia (PO)
Polen (N)

In the Middle Ages, the East German viticulture reached as far as Pomerania and East Prussia, of which many place names testify. At the best time, the vineyards amounted to about 4,000 hectares. About 50 kilometers away from Zielona Góra (Grünberg) in western Poland Silesia built Cistercian monks from Klasztor Paradyż (monastery Paradise) already around 1250 the first vineyards. Here, since 1852, the traditional wine festival "Winobranie" (vintage) takes place every year. In the 19th century, the vineyards still covered about 1,400 hectares of vineyards, which were mostly created in the vicinity of Catholic monasteries. After World War II (1939-1945), viticulture almost came to a standstill. A cautious new beginning began in the 1990s. Today, the vineyards cover around 300 hectares. They are managed by around 400 winegrowers with often the smallest areas. The majority are garden owners and fruit growers who produce wines only for their own use.

About 200 hectares of it are located at the mentioned Zielona Góra. A well-known wine from this area is the Monte Verde (Green Mountain). The remaining areas are located near Warka near Warsaw, as well as in southeastern Poland, in the foothills of the Carpathians at the Wisloka River near the city of Jaslo. The Polish vineyards are among the northernmost vineyards of the world. It is therefore especially early ripening, fungus resistant grape varieties such as Jutrzenka. Léon Millot. Ortega. regent. rondo. Seyval blanc. Siegerrebe and Sibera cultured. With Pinot Noir. Riesling and Chardonnay is experimented. Polish winegrowing may benefit from the climate Change, Poland's entry into the EU in 2004 gave it the status of a wine-growing region for the first time. But there are still no provenions PDO areas or quality wines.

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