The appellation, named after the municipality of the same name, lies east of the small town Libourne in the Haut-Médoc on the right bank of the Gironde in the region Bordeaux, The vineyards cover around 800 hectares of vineyards. To the north, the area is crossed by the Barbanne River from the appellation Lalande de Pomerol demarcated. The area is to the east Saint-Emilion, The name comes from the Latin "pomarium" (orchard). Even the Romans were involved in viticulture here. Due to the devastation in the Hundred Years' War (1338-1453) between the English and French, viticulture was abandoned. Towards the end of the 15th and 16th centuries, vineyards were again established. But Pomerol wines only became famous in the late 19th century.
The top rank of the exceptionally velvety, long-storable red wines, which are often 100% new for over two years barriques mature, makes the extraordinary soil type out. It is a sand-gravel floor with intermediate layers made of clay and a lower layer made of iron-containing iron locust stone, which is referred to as "crasse de fer" (iron slag) or "machefer". The dominant variety becomes around 80% of the vineyard area Merlot grown, other varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc and Malbec ( Cot ). They are the typical grape varieties of the Rive droite (right bank). Just like in the neighboring west Fronsac surprisingly, there are none in Pomerol Grand Cru classification, but a group of wineries is recognized as "Premier Crus". The top wine from the legendary Château Petrus is the best of in terms of quality (and price) Médoc equate. But some other châteaux also fall into this category.
Well-known producers are Chateau Beauregard. Château Bonalgue. Château Bourgneuf-Vayron. Chateau Clinet. Château Certan de May de Certan. Château de Sales. Château Feytit-Clinet. Chateau Gazin. Château L'Eglise-Clinet. Château L'Évangile. Château Le Pin. Château La Conseillante. Chateau Lafleur. Château La Fleur-Gazin. Château La Fleur-Pétrus. Château Lagrange. Chateau La Grave. Château Latour à Pomerol. Château Petit-Village. Château Petrus. Château Trotanoy and Vieux Château Certan, The famous family plays an important role Moueix, which owns some wineries here and markets a large part of the production of Pomerol.