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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.500 Keywords • 49.796 Synonyms • 5.294 Translations • 7.929 Pronunciations • 145.124 Cross-references

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Portugal

In ancient times brought Phoenicians, Greeks and Roman vines on the Iberian Peninsula. Under the long Moorish rule from the 8th to the 12th century, although the viticulture stagnated, came despite the alcohol ban not to stop. As in many other countries, they influenced Cistercian viticulture decisively, in the 12th century they founded more than 100 monasteries. King Dinis (1279-1325) promoted agriculture and wine-growing to such a great extent that with the proceeds a merchant fleet was built and thus the basis for the rise to world power was created. He was therefore nicknamed "Rei lavrador" (King of the peasants). From independence in 1385, developed a busy wine trade with England,

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