The most popular non-alcoholic drink in ancient Rome, appreciated by both citizens and legionaries. It was a vinegar water made from diluted vinegar
(Wine vinegar) was produced. The fine acid taste had a refreshing effect and also covered the taste or smell of water of inferior quality. In addition to the Posca produced from wine vinegar (which, as I said, was alcohol-free), wine that had become acidic or iora
(Pomace wine) used for production. Wine vinegar was added to this hoof. Posca became known through the Gospels in the New Testament of Bible
, although it is not explicitly mentioned there When Jesus was hanging on the cross, a soldier (different in the Bible translations) mixed wine with bile, handed vinegar or vinegar water with a sponge impaled on a lance. Most likely, the legionnaire in question picked up what he had in the canteen, namely Posca. This was an attempt to refresh the sufferer and not a torture usually interpreted in this way.
In the famous "Historia Augusta" (late antique collection of about 30 imperial biographies) it is told how an emperor (handed down for example for Trajan and Hadrian) approaches the "simple man or soldier". After personally grinding grain in the camp with a hand mill in front of the legionnaires' eyes and baking a simple whole-wheat soldier's bread in the fire, to wash down the dry food, he is not served the more expensive wine, but the simple drink of the legionnaires, the posca , He toasts with the acidic drink and wins her heart. The legionaries should think: "The emperor is one of us, he eats and drinks the same as we do!"
See also below ancient wines
and drinking culture