Appellation (also Blanc-Fumé de Pouilly) for white wine on the upper course of the Loire southeast of Orléans in the Nièvre department in central France. You may not use the appellation Pouilly-Fuissé in the Burgundian area of Mâconnais. The vineyards here have monks of the Benedictine Order already laid out in the Middle Ages. The area covers over 1,000 hectares of vineyards in the seven municipalities of Garchy, Mesves-sur-Loire, Pouilly-sur-Loire, Saint-Andelain, Saint-Laurent-l'Abbaye, Saint-Martin-sur-Nohain and Tracy-sur-Loire (with associated part Boisgibault). A white wine from this area was one of them favorite wines of the French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). The name comes from the town on the right bank of the Loire Pouilly-sur-Loire (which gave its own appellation the name) and the attribute Fumé (smoke). This points to the limescale and Flint ground (Fusil) typical taste of the wine, or even on the colour the berries, which are covered with a smoke-colored, gray layer during ripening.
The area is the stronghold of the grape variety Sauvignon Blanc, which finds optimal conditions here and therefore thrives particularly well. From this, a pure white wine with at least 11% vol alcohol is produced. Some producers use barrel fermentation and Barrique practiced. The dry. fruity and wine that can be stored for a long time only reaches its peak after four to six years. It has a diverse bouquet flint, Gooseberries and asparagus. Well-known producers are Domaine Henri Bourgeois, Cailbourdin, Jean-Claude Châtelain, Domaine Paul Corneau, Didier Dagueneau, Château de Favray, André et Edmond Figeat, Ladoucette, Domaine Landrat-Guyollot, Domaine Jacques Marchand, Domaine Masson-Blondelet, Domaine Dominique Pabiot, Michel Redde, Domaine Tinel-Blondelet and Château de Tracy. Neighboring appellations are Menetou Salon. Quincy. Reuilly and Sancerre with the wine very similar to the Pouilly-Fumé.