The grape variety with many color game types probably comes from France, There are around 40 Synonyms; some of them are Blue Blufard, Blue Malvasia, Blussard, Blussard Blue, Blussard Modry, Cornelle, Drille de Coq, Petalled Finger Grape, Mècle, Mescle, Méthie, Miècle, Olivette, Pandouleau, Pellosard, Pelossard, Pelousard, Peloussard, Pendoulot, Plant d 'Arbois, Pleusard, Pleusart, Plousard, Ploussard, Ploussard Noir, Ploussart, Ploussart Noir, Plussart, Polozard, Poulsard Blanc, Poulsard Rouge, Poulsard Noir, Poulsard Noir Musqué, Pulceau, Pulsard, Pulsars, Pulsars Blue, Quille de Coque, Raisin Pearl, Black Malvasia and Yurskii Zhemchug.
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Mècle de Bourgoin. peloursin or Tressot Noir be confused. The most common variety Poulsard Noir has a plum-like color (pelisse is the common name for plum in the Jura). There are the colored ones mutations Poulsard Blanc (white) and Poulsard Rouge (red), as well as the flavorful variety Poulsard Noir Musqué with subtle nutmeg, On open blown Seedling of Poulsard is the variety Bacchus Noir, However, all these varieties are almost extinct or play no role in viticulture anymore.
The ancient variety was already mentioned in 1386 under the name Polozard in Lons-le-Saunier in the Jura appellation. The German Ampelograph Johann Christian Butcher (1789-1852) mentioned it in his 1836 published work "The wine and table grapes of the German vineyards and gardens" under the name Blauer Blussard. At that time she was in the Swiss-French border area on the Lake Geneva and in Germany at the Kaiserstuhl in to bathe widespread. The early ripening vine is prone to Verrieseln and real ones mildew,
The large, thin-skinned berries have few dyes. It produces fragrant, rather pale-colored and not very full-bodied red wines, but still with some storage potential. Mostly these are blended with Trousseau and Pinot Noir. She is also called table grape used. The Poulsard Noir is mainly in the region law cultivated, where it is also approved in some appellations in white wines. There are also small quantities in the area Bugey, In 2010, 307 hectares were recorded for Poulsard Noir and 1 hectare for Poulsard Blanc.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)