The French name means "first crop". Confusingly, it is used in several French classification systems but with different meaning (rank).
As part of the 1855's Bordeaux Classification for red wines from the Médoc "Premier Cru" (also "Premier Grand Cru" or "Premier Grand Cru Classé") is the highest rank. For white wines from Barsac and Sauterne second behind "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur". The first rank "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur" was the only winery due to its exceptional quality Château d'Yquem,
As part of the Burgundy classification is "Premier Cru" after "Grand Cru" the second rank. The stage "Premier Grand Cru (Classé)" in Saint-Emilion is the highest class there. Here, however, a distinction in "Premier Grand Cru Classé A" and "Premier Grand Cru Classé B". See also below Grand Cru and quality system,