The French name means "first crop". However, it is confusingly used in several French classification systems with different meanings (rank).
As part of the in 1855 Bordeaux Classification for red wines from the Médoc "Premier Cru" (also "Premier Grand Cru" or "Premier Grand Cru Classé") is the highest rank. For white wines from Barsac and Sauterne on the other hand, second place behind "Premier Cru Classé Supérieur". The first prize “Premier Cru Classé Supérieur” was the only winery due to its exceptional quality Château d'Yquem,
As part of the Burgundy classification "Premier Cru" is in second place after "Grand Cru". The level "Premier Grand Cru (Classé)" in Saint-Emilion is the highest class there. However, a distinction is made here between "Premier Grand Cru Classé A" and "Premier Grand Cru Classé B". See also under Grand Cru and quality system,