One of the three winegrowing regions in Slovenia in the west of the country on the border with Italy, The name means "by the sea", although only a relatively small part lies on the Adriatic coast. The climate is characterized by a hot summer and an autumn with often strong thunderstorms. In addition, viticulture is also influenced by the cold north wind "Bora". The vineyards cover a total of 8,081 hectares of vineyards. The region is divided into the four winegrowing areas Goriška Brda with 1.992 hectares, Kras (karst) with 753 hectares, Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2.331 hectares and Vipavska Dolina (Wippachtal) with 3.005 hectares of vineyards. These form the extension of the two Italian growing areas Carso and Collio Goriziano in Friuli, incidentally, have very similar geological and climatic conditions.
Half of the red and white wines are produced, while the other two Slovenian wine-growing regions are dominated by the white wine. Important red wines are Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Pinot Noir, as well as Refošk ( Terrano ). The latter variety is the famous PTP quality wine in the Kras region Kras Teran pressed, called on the iron-containing soil Teran grows. This could perhaps be a successor of the Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient wine Pucinum his. A well known quality white wine is Vipavec, Important white wines are Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc, Sivi Pinot ( Pinot gris ), Rebula ( Ribolla Gialla ), Pinela ( Pinella ), Picrolitol ( Picolit ) Vitovska and Zelen, The vinicultural cooperative Vinakoper on the Adriatic coast is one of the largest farms with about 500 hectares of vineyards. Other producers are Guerila and Movia,