One of the three winegrowing regions in Slovenia in the west of the country on the border too Italy, The name means "by the sea", although only a relatively small part lies on the Adriatic coast. The climate is characterized by a hot summer and an autumn with often strong thunderstorms. In addition, the viticulture is also influenced by the cold north wind "Bora". The vineyards cover a total of 8,081 hectares of vineyards. The region is divided into the four wine-growing regions Goriška Brda (Görzer Hügelland) with 1,992 hectares, Kras (Karst) with 753 hectares, Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria) with 2,331 hectares and Vipavska Dolina (Wippach Valley) with 3,005 hectares of vineyards. These form the extension of the two Italian growing areas Carso and Collio Goriziano in Friuli, which incidentally have very similar geological and climatic conditions.
Half of the red and white wines are produced, in the other two Slovenian wine-growing regions white wine dominates. Important red wine varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Pinot Noir, as well as Refošk ( Terrano ). The latter variety becomes the famous PTP quality wine in the Kras region Kras Teran pressed that named on the ferrous soil Teran grows. This could perhaps be a successor to the von Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient wine Pucinum his. A well-known quality white wine with origin protection Vipavec, Important types of white wine are Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc, Sivi Pinot ( Pinot gris ), Rebula ( Ribolla Gialla ), Pinela ( Pinella ), Picolite ( Picolit ) Vitovska and Zelen, The Vinakoper wine cooperative on the Adriatic coast is one of the largest companies with around 500 hectares of vineyards. Other producers are Guerila and Movia,