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Probus Marcus Aurelius

The Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) secured in his battles against the Franks, Alemanni, Burgundians, Vandals and Goths Rhine- and Danube line, In the year 280 he raised the emperor Domitian (51-96) in 92 imposed a ban on cultivating vines in the provinces outside Italy. The Historia Augusta mentions: Gallis omnibus et Hispanis ac Brittannis hinc permisit, ut vites haberent vinumque conficerent (It allowed all Gauls, Spaniards and Britons to own vines and make wine) . In Germany and Austria He is considered the founder of viticulture and is even close to wine gods moved. In the heurigerort Grinzing in Wien is even named after him an alley, but the emperor was probably never in this former Roman border settlement. Although it has provided important impetus, its achievements have been overstated, for example by the French chemist Jean-Antoine Chaptal (1756-1832). It is undisputed, however, that he has positively influenced viticulture throughout Europe.


There is no information about his personal preference for wine, but it can be assumed that the then classic wines of the Roman upper classes such as the famous Falernian were to be found. Even in peacetime, he let his soldiers work hard, these had among other things clear the land for the planting of new vineyards. This took place, for example, in the two provinces of Pannonia (western Hungary, Burgenland, etc.), especially along the Danube and Gaul. Paradoxically, Probus was allegedly murdered in a vineyard by dissatisfied soldiers in his army. The suspected background was that the emperor thought of dismissing the soldiers after relative peace had returned to the empire. The legionaries were therefore more and more used to civil tasks, which were very unpopular with the troops. In homage to the emperor in Serbia was the new breed Probus named. See also below Ancient wines and Antique grape varieties,

Picture left: By Clemen s - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 at , Link
Picture right: By Gunthram - Self-photographed , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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