The red grape variety comes from the Balkans, possibly from Serbia. Synonyms grouped by country are Zarčin ( Bulgaria ); Nikodimka, Niševka, Majski Čornii, Skopsko Crno ( Northern Macedonia ); Majski Cornii ( Moldova ); Kameničarka, Kamenilarka, Majski Cornii ( Russia ); Nichevka, Nikodimka, Niševka, Prokopac, Prokupac Noir, Prikupats, Prokupec, Prokupka, Rskavac, Surac Plavi ( Serbia ). The very old variety was very important from the Middle Ages in Serbia, there are also many originated in the course of time game types, The parentage is unknown. Prokupac was crossbred partner of the new breeds Evita. Jagodinka and Župljanka as well as parent of the presumably natural varieties Beala Debela (Bulgaria) and Papazkarasi (Turkey).
The late maturing, vigorous vine is very prone to fake mildew, but relatively resistant to Botrytis and against frost, It produces colorful, strong-alcoholic, spicy red wines with red fruit flavors for a rather quick enjoyment. Mostly it is blended with international varieties. The variety is in Serbia widespread, especially in the regions of Juzna Morava and Zapadna Morava in the center and south of the country. In 2010, 15,180 hectares of vineyards were reported in Serbia. Small stocks are also available in Bulgaria. Kosovo. Northern Macedonia and Russia, The variety occupies the world varieties ranking Rank 51 (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)