The wine-growing region is in the southeast corner France and stretches along the Côte d'Azur from Marseille in the west to Nice in the east. It is used by the two major winegrowing regions Languedoc in the west and Rhone limited in the north. In many sources, the island lying 160 kilometers southeast of the coast Corsica considered with Provence as a common wine-growing area. In fact, there are many similarities. Together with the area Languedoc-Roussillon Provence is often called Midi designated.
Provence is one of the oldest wine regions France and also Europe, because it was already here in the 6th century BC. The Greeks planted vines and pressed wine. Maybe they did this before them Celts (Gaul). The name comes from the Romans, 154 BC. BC founded the “Provincia Romana” and delivered wine to Rome from here. Deserved legionaries received a small estate as a reward, which they used for viticulture. The area was always hotly contested throughout history and belonged successively to the Roman Empire, the Franconian Empire, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Spanish county of Barcelona-Arágon, the Anjou House, the Kingdom of Sardinia and finally France.
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild winters, damp spring, hot summers and long sunny autumns. In the 19th century, large areas were created by the phylloxera destroyed. The vineyards now cover around 25,000 hectares of vineyards. The appellation in the east Cotes de Provence forms the largest area by far with around four fifths of the area. As is common in southern France, numerous varieties are permitted, including many autochthonous vines, some of which are threatened with extinction. The main red wine varieties are Barbaroux. Cabernet Sauvignon. Calitor Noir. Carignan Noir. Cinsault, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ), Role ( Vermentino ) Syrah and Tibouren, which are the main types of white wine Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Sémillon and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ). Around half of the production consists of rose wines, around 40% red wines and 10% white wines. The wine growing areas: