The wine-growing region is located in the southeastern corner France and extends on the Côte d'Azur from Marseille in the west to Nice in the east. It is owned by the two major winegrowing regions Languedoc in the west and Rhone limited in the north. In many sources, the island is located 160 kilometers southeast of the coast Corsica considered as a common wine-growing area with Provence. In fact, there are many similarities. Together with the area Languedoc-Roussillon Provence is often called Midi designated.
Provence is one of the oldest vineyards France and also of Europe, because it was already here in the 6th century BC. Planted by the Greeks vines and vinified wine. Maybe this was done before them Celts (Gaul). The name comes from the Romans, the 154 v. Chr. Founded the "Provincia Romana" and supplied wine to Rome from here. Earned legionnaires released from service received a small estate as a reward, which they used for viticulture. The area was always hotly contested throughout history and belonged successively to the Roman Empire, Franconian Empire, Kingdom of Burgundy, Spanish County of Barcelona-Arágon, House Anjou, Kingdom of Sardinia and finally France.
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild winters, wet spring, hot summers and long sunny autumns. In the 19th century, large areas were used by the phylloxera destroyed. The vineyards today comprise about 25,000 hectares of vineyards. The appellation in the east Côtes de Provence With around four fifths of the area, is by far the largest area. As is customary in the south of France, many varieties are permitted, many of which are autochthonous, some of which are endangered vines. The most important red wines are Barbaroux. Cabernet Sauvignon. Calitor Noir. Carignan Noir. Cinsault, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ), Role ( Vermentino ) Syrah and Tibouren, which are the most important white grape varieties Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Sémillon and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ). About half of the production consists of rosé wines, around 40% red wines and 10% white wines. The winegrowing areas: