The red grape variety comes from Italy, The name may be derived from "bruma" (fog) and refers to the white-gray wax coating of the ripe berries (à la Nebbiolo ). Synonyms are Bermestia Nera, Bermestia Rossa, Bermestia Violacea, Bermestia Violata, Pergola Rossa, Prunesta di Ruvo, Prunesta Nera, Prunesta Rossa, Prunesta Rosso Violacea, Uva de Soldato and Uva Rossa di Cagliari. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it should be a descendant of the Pliny the Elder the mentioned variety Capnia (means "smoke-colored"). The one from the Ampelogreaphen Pierre Galet (1921-2019) conjectured that the variety Bermestia Bianca a white one mutation could have been through DNA analysis disproved. In Apulia there is an unrelated table grape variety called Prunesta ( Verjus ). The variety is in Campania grown on the Tyrrhenian coast mainly in the province of Reggio. It is mostly used as a blend. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 36 hectares with a rapidly decreasing trend (ten years earlier it had been 92 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service