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Prussian location classification

Until the middle of the 17th century Germany Location names to emphasize special wine quality or the origin rather unknown or not common. Friedrich mentions a first classification Bassermann-Jordan (1872-1959) in his work "History of Viticulture" from 1644 when the Council of Würzburg (Franconia) classified the city's vineyards into four groups. From the middle of the 18th century, the quality of the Rhine wine was differentiated according to location and location in various sources. From the beginning of the 19th century, wine quality increasingly became an important competitive factor for German wines compared to the large competition from France. Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) had a "Classification des Vines" drawn up around 1804. Since the Rhineland was part of France at the time, the same valuation principles applied as for the world-famous French locations. The best locations were as Grand Cru classified. After Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo in June 1815, the Rhineland became a Prussian province at the Vienna Congress.

The Prussians were also interested in classifying the vineyard locations, especially to be able to measure taxes. The "Prussian location classification in the Bureau of the Royal Government" was based on the parcel measurement from 1818 to 1832 and the French guidelines. The vineyards were divided into eight credit ratings. The classification was first made in 1868 for the Trier district and only in 1897 for the Coblenz district. The growing area Moselle (Mosel-Saar-Ruwer) at that time comprised around 6,100 hectares of vineyards (today there are around 10,000). Only 9% of it (560 ha) was divided into the first three classes.

The highest quality vineyard locations are aligned from south to southwest. The best wines grow on those that are difficult to cultivate Hillside- or steep slopes where the sunlight ( exposition ) is almost vertical. The Prussian classification is of course to be viewed critically today, since the circumstances have changed in part. But it has great historical significance. Adopted in 2006 VDP classification model it was used as a reference for the classified individual layers of the two growing areas Moselle and Near used.

A complete list of all classification systems for areas / wines can be found at Grand Cru, The quality classes for wines valid within the EU are below quality system described. A list of all area-relevant keywords can be found at vineyards,

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