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The Roman author mentions a “Nobile vinum pucinum” Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his work "Naturalis Historia" as "rich in therapeutic properties" . The underlying grape variety this ancient wine is of course not known. Livia and Augusta Giulia (58 BC-29 AD), the third wife of Emperor Augustus (64 BC-14 AD), regularly purchased this wine. At the end of her long life (she turned 86), she attributed her old age to the regular enjoyment of this wine and recommended it to everyone as a true “elixir for a long life”. According to Pliny, he was “in the Gulf of the Adriatic Sea, not far from the stony hill of the source of Timavo, where the sea breeze was few amphorae ripens ” .

That would be the karst area in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia which is also across the border in Slovenia extends. There grow on a special one soil type Wines. This is the Italian DOC red wine Carso from the variety Terrano and the Kras Teran (here the variety is called Refošk) in the Slovenian area Kras. These wines are the successors of the Pucinum, so to speak. But it will also be Piccola Nera named as a possible descendant of the Pucinum variety, which could have been several. Strictly speaking, however, it is not known whether the Pucinum was a red or white wine. Because also the white varieties Glera (Prosecco) and Ribolla Gialla are possible candidates.

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