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A "Nobile vinum pucinum" mentions the Roman author Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his work "Naturalis Historia" as "rich in therapeutic properties" . The underlying grape variety this ancient wine Of course, it is unknown. Livia or Augusta Giulia (58 BC-29 AD), the third wife of Emperor Augustus (64 BC-14 AD), regularly received this wine. At the end of her long life (she became 86) she attributed her old age to the regular enjoyment of this wine and recommended it to all as a true "elixir for a long life". He was, according to Pliny "in the Gulf of the Adriatic Sea, not far from the stony hill of the source of Timavo, where the sea breeze few amphorae mature " .

That would be the karst area in the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, which crosses the border also in Slovenia extends. There grow on a special soil type Wines. These are the Italian DOC red wine Carso of the sort Terrano and the Kras Teran (here the variety Refošk) in the Slovenian area Kras. These wines are, so to speak, the successors of Pucinum. But it will be the Piccola Nera mentioned as a possible descendant of the Pucinum variety, although that could have been several. In fact, it is not known whether the Pucinum was a red or white wine. Because also the white varieties Glera (Prosecco) and Ribolla Gialla are possible candidates.

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