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Pulliat Victor

Pulliat Victor The French winegrower Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) was born at the "Domaine de Tempéré" winery in Chiroubles (Beaujolais). Inspired by a book by Alexandre Pierre Odart (1778-1866) he began to collect various grape varieties from around the world, over the course of time a stock of more than a thousand pieces resulted. With Alphonse Mas he founded the 1874-1880 published journal "Le Vignoble" (The Vineyard). In 1869 he founded the wine-growing company of Lyon and devoted himself above all to the fight against the phylloxera who at that time in his native region Beaujolais caused devastating damage.

He was a representative of the "American Solution" and propagated through lectures and conferences finishing of the Gamay vines on American Taylor documents, When in 1879 the French embargo on the import of American vines was declared to be useless, Pulliat offered the vintner families free grafting lessons after the Sunday mass in the church of Saint-Germain in Chiroubles. Thus, he contributed significantly to the rescue of viticulture in Beaujolais and the acceptance of the then still highly controversial refining process.

Together with the botanist Jules Emile Planchon (1823-1888) was the author of the monthly "La Vigne Américaine et la Viticulture en Europe" (The American Vine and the Viticulture in Europe). Other works include "Manuel du greffeur de vignes", "Les Cépages et les Vins Beaujolais" (The grape varieties and the Beaujolais wines), "Les raisins précoces" (The early grapes) and based on its Rebsortensammlung "Mille Variétés de Vignes "(thousand grape varieties). In 1894 he received a professorship in viticulture at the Agronomic Institute of Paris.

Finally, in 1889, he took over the direction of the Agricultural School of Ecully (Lyon). Here he developed a classification for the classification of grape varieties into five categories regarding their Mature timing (early to late ripening), which is still used today. For his services, he was admitted to the "Legion d'Honneur" (Legion of Honor). His portrait bust stands today opposite the church of Chiroubles. Every year in April, it honors its memory with a tasting of the best wines of all ten crus in Beaujolais. In addition, some contemporary chansons recognize him today with the rhyme "Je lève mon verre et je bois à ta sante Victor Pulliat" (I lift my glass and drink to your health, Victor Pulliat).

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