According to EU Regulation Member States must classify wine grape varieties planted in their territory for the production of wine or refined be allowed to. These must be of the European species Vitis vinifera or from a cross of this species with other species of the genus Vitis (eg the Asian Vitis amurensis or the American Vitis labrusca ) come. Six grape varieties are prohibited, although they meet these conditions. These are Clinton. Herbemont. Isabella. Jacquez. Noah and Othello, Why exactly these six have historical reasons, which today also no one knows or can explain from official side any more (one of the secrets of European Union laws). It is about American hybrids But there are also a lot of others who are very well allowed to grow. If varieties are deleted from the classification, the areas concerned shall be eligible within 15 years of their removal clear (except areas for the in-house wine consumption).
However, this classification only applies to cultivation and does not automatically mean that these varieties may also be used for all wine quality classes. If the above conditions are fulfilled, the decision - making authority lies with the responsible bodies of the wine producing countries, These determine on their own responsibility, which varieties may be used for which quality classes with possibly restrictive conditions. From the varieties classified according to the criteria mentioned above, it is necessary to define those that are suitable for the production of country wine (PGI) and quality wine (PDO) are allowed. This concerns especially the PIWI varieties (fungus-resistant varieties), which are particularly Organic viticulture are in demand.
In Austria, the term quality wine grape varieties has prevailed for these varieties. This list of varieties is not only valid for quality wine, but it can of course also from the stages of country wine and wine are produced. All other classified grape varieties may only be used for the "wine" (without varieties / vintage, formerly table wine ) or "varietal wine" (with varieties / vintage). For varietal wines, grape varieties or varietal names that have a protected geographical indication or a protected designation of origin as name components and therefore could be misleading for the consumer can not be used (eg Burgundy could point to Burgundy) , It is within the competence of the member states to define these grape varieties or grape variety names. In Austria, these are white, gray and blue burgundy, as well as Blaufränkisch and Rheinriesling. Instead, the synonyms Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir and Riesling are allowed; for Blaufränkisch there is none.
There are recommended, approved and temporarily approved grape varieties. Recommended should be those that can produce excellent qualities in the winegrowing region. All others are admitted. Temporarily approved varieties are still with some economic importance, but should expire. Due to a transitional provision, vineyards with temporarily approved varieties must be cleared no later than 25 years after classification. These include, for example, in Austria Concord (Ripatella) Delaware and Elvira for the local Burgenland wine specialty Uhudler be used. For new grape varieties must one variety protection only then can they be included in the country-specific variety lists. In the Germany and Austria defined quality wine grape varieties are listed there. A complete list of relevant keywords about grape variety is available at grapevine contain.