According to EU Regulation Member States must classify the wine grape varieties planted on their territory for the purpose of wine production or refined may be. These must be of the European species Vitis vinifera belong to or from a cross of this species with other species of the genus Vitis (e.g. the Asian Vitis amurensis or the American Vitis labrusca ) come. However, six grape varieties are prohibited, although they meet these conditions. These are Clinton. Herbemont. Isabella. Jacquez. Noah and Othello, Why exactly these six has historical reasons that no one knows or can explain officially today (one of the secrets of EU law). It is true american hybrids, but there are also a myriad of others that are allowed for cultivation. If varieties are deleted from the classification, the areas in question are closed within 15 years of their deletion clear (Except for areas for in-house use of the winemaker).
However, this classification only applies to cultivation and does not automatically mean that these varieties can also be used for all wine quality classes. If the above conditions are met, the decision-making authority rests with the responsible committees wine producing countries, They independently determine which varieties can be used for which quality classes with restrictions, if applicable. From the varieties classified according to the criteria mentioned above, those that are necessary for the production of country wine (PGI) and quality wine (PDO) are allowed. This affects above all PIWI varieties (fungus-resistant varieties) that are particularly popular in Organic viticulture are in demand.
In Austria, the term quality wine grape varieties has become established for these varieties. However, this list of varieties does not only apply to quality wine, it can of course also be used to produce the levels of country wine and wine. All other classified grape varieties may only be used for the "Wine" levels (without varieties / vintage, earlier table wine ) or "grape variety wine" (with varieties / vintage). Grape varieties or varietal names which have a protected geographical indication or a protected designation of origin as part of the name and which could therefore be misleading for the consumer may not be used for the "grape variety wine" (e.g. blue burgundy could indicate Burgundy) , It is within the competence of the member states to define these grape varieties or grape variety names. In Austria these are white, gray and blue Burgundy, as well as Blaufränkisch and Rheinriesling. Instead, the synonyms Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir and Riesling are permitted; there is none for Blaufränkisch .
There are recommended, approved and temporarily approved grape varieties. Recommended should be those who can produce excellent qualities in the respective wine-growing region. All others are allowed. Varieties with a certain economic importance are temporarily admitted, but they should expire. Due to a transitional provision, vineyards with temporarily approved varieties must be cleared no later than 25 years after classification. These include, for example, in Austria Concord (Ripatella) Delaware and Elvira for the local Burgenland wine specialty Uhudler be used. A must for new grape varieties variety protection only then can you be included in the country-specific variety lists. In the Germany and Austria defined quality wine grape varieties are listed there. A complete list of relevant keywords on the subject of grape variety is available at grapevine contain.