The clergyman Johann Rasch (1540-1612) studied at the University of Wittenberg, but remained faithful to the Catholic faith. In 1570 he became organist at the Schottenstift in Wien and wrote one of the oldest wine books in German, which appeared in 1580 under the title "Wine Book: Von Baw, Pfleg and custom of wine" for the first time and can be considered a classic of wine literature. It contains numerous rules, regulations and advice for viticulture in general, cellaring, wine storage and wine tasting. In it, but also the production of beer. spirits. vinegar. mead and wormwood described. The then popular flavored Herbal wines are dedicated to a separate chapter and exotic drinks such as venison tongue wine, rose wine and rosemary wine are cited. Rasch also drew from the works of Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) and also quotes the ancient Roman author Palladius,
As a clergyman he goes in the first part intensively on the theological significance of the wine in the context of the Eucharist and take alcohol ban position of Islam. In his opinion, only a true Christian can be a good barker and he often quotes the Bible, The second part is devoted to the practice and describes, for example, how to test how to make red wine white, how to make white wine red at the table or how to make a dull wine by adding freshly milked, cow-warm milk; an early form of the Schönens, In the chapter "cutting vines" he points out the wine-like activities in the right month or at the best for it moon phases (decreasing or increasing): "The best cutting is in Christ month" . He recommends "in the growing moon" deduct the wine.
Quickly explains how to wine adulteration for example by "stretching" with water on the track. He also vehemently railed against the then drinking culture in the chapter "Winesucht - from the bad addiction of the Trunckenheit". At that time, in many countries, the age-old custom of Zutrinkens forbidden. The wine-growing areas of "Under Austria" divides Rasch into five winegrowing regions, which coincide almost with today's Lower Austria, parts of Burgenland and the southern part of Upper Austria. He classifies the "Wiennergebürg" as the best locations, which extends over the Vienna Woods to the Piersting River. The so-called "Stainfeld" stretches from Salzburg via Steyr and along the Styrian border to Burgenland. Furthermore, there is the Tullnerfeld with the main town Krems, the Marchfeld and the Wachau, Surprisingly, the latter gets away badly in the assessment, Rasch writes, "that the wine equals the size and quality of the Wiennergebürg" .
He mentions in his book also the Styrian specialty Schilcher (from the variety Baluer Wildbacher). He also praises the wine mentioned quite frequently in the Middle Ages Reinval (Rainfal). As a skilled calendar maker Rasch also has a Hauerkalender with many Bauernregeln incorporated as an aid to the wine growers. For example, on September 6th, "Warm night makes sweet wine (but unhealthy), cool night sour wine (and healthy)" . He also describes the influences of soil, weather and climatic conditions on the wine quality. The work is completed by a poem (the one under the keyword Quotes is included).
In his lifetime was the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in 1582, which ten days were canceled. This caused great changes and a need for information. Rasch wrote several fonts on the topic, including the topics Bauernregeln, Lostage, Easter cycle, divinations and astrology treated. In 1584 the book "A New Yearly Calendar" was published. In 1994 was in Wiener District Hietzing an alley named after him. In Austria, the Landesverband der Weinbautreibende Niederösterreich awards the Johann Rasch badge for special services in viticulture. Among other things, she received Franz Kober (1864-1943), who made the famous Unterlagsrebe Kober 5 BB created.