The white grape variety probably comes from Germany (or Switzerland). The name is probably derived from the robust foliage of the vine, which rushes particularly strongly in the wind. According to another variant, it is a verbal corruption of "Rußling" (from soot), a term for "dark wood". Synonyms that are sometimes confusing because they incorrectly refer to other varieties are Brauner Nürnberger, Dretsch, Drutsch, Drutscht, Dünnelbling, Frankentraube, Großfränkisch, Gros Räuschling, Großer Räuschling, Großer Traminer, Grünspat, Klöpfer, Luttenberger, Luttenbergerstock, Melon Blanc, Offenburger, Pfaffling, Pfaffentraube, Ruchelin, Ruschling, Rüschling, Silberweiß, Vigne de Zuri, Weißer Räuschling, Weißwelscher, Zürirebe, Zürichrebe and Züriwiss
According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is a presumably natural cross between Heunisch(Gouais Blanc) x unknown partner (Traminer was previously suspected). Despite apparently indicative synonyms, the Räuschling must not be confused with the varieties Completer (Zürirebe) or Knipperlé (Kleiner Räuschling). An almost extinct variety is red räuschling. This in turn should not be confused with the Blue Yellowwood variety (with synonyms Blue Rustling and Black Rustling). The early to medium ripening Räuschling vine is resistant to frost, but somewhat susceptible to botrytis. It produces light white wines with pronounced acidity and citrus aromas.
In the herbal book of the German botanist Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) it is mentioned around the year 1550 as "Drutsch" or "Drutscht". The German ampelographer Karl Friedrich Gok (1776-1849) named the variety Vitis fissilis (fissure = crack) in 1836, because the berries rip open easily after rain in autumn. The name "Reuschling" first appeared in 1614 in the "Weingartordnung" of Count Philipp Ernst von Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1584-1628) in Franconia. The variety was widespread in Alsace, in the German growing regions of Franconia, Palatinate and Württemberg, as well as in German and French-speaking Switzerland. In Switzerland, it was the most widespread vine before the Müller-Thurgau period, alongside the Elbling. Today, it is cultivated almost exclusively in Switzerland on 23 hectares (12 of them around Lake Zurich), and in small quantities also in Germany(Baden) (Kym Anderson). There are also a few vines in the Vine Museum of the Leth Winery (Fels a. W., Lower Austria).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)