The white grape variety probably comes from Germany (or Switzerland ). The name may be derived from the sturdy foliage of the vine, which rustles particularly strongly in the wind. According to another variant, this is a corruption of "soot" (from soot), a term for "dark wood". Partly confusing, because synonyms incorrectly refer to other varieties are Brauner Nürnberger, Dretsch, Drutsch, Drutscht, Dünnelbling, Frankentraub, Großfränkisch, Gros Räusling, Großer Räusling, Großer Traminer, Grünspat, Klöpfer, Luttenberger, Luttenbergerstock, Melon Blanc, Offenburger, Pfäffling , Pfaffentrau, Ruchelin, Ruschling, Rüschling, Silberweiß, Vigne de Zuri, Weißer Räusling, Weißwelscher, Zürirebe, Zürichrebe and Züriwiss.
According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ) x unknown partner (previously was Traminer supposed). In spite of apparently indicative synonyms, the Räusling is not allowed to use the varieties completer (Zürirebe) or Knipperlé (Little Räusling) can be confused. An almost extinct variant is Red harlequin, This in turn must not be with the variety Blue yellow woods (with synonyms Blue Räusling and Schwarzer Räusling) can be confused. The early to medium maturing Räusling vine is resistant to frost, but somewhat susceptible to Botrytis, It produces light white wines with a pronounced acidity and citrus aromas.
In the herb book by the German botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) it is mentioned around the year 1550 as "Drutsch" or "Drutscht". The German ampelographer Karl Friedrich Gok (1776-1849) designated the variety in 1836 as Vitis fissilis (fissure = crack) because the berries tear open slightly after rain in autumn. The name "Reuschling" did not appear until 1614 in the "Weingartordnung" of Count Philipp Ernst von Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1584-1628) in Franconia. The variety was in Alsace, in the German growing areas Franconia. palatinate and Wuerttemberg, as well as widespread in German and French-speaking Switzerland. In Switzerland it was before the time of the Müller-Thurgau next to the Elbling the most common vine. Today it is almost only in the Switzerland on 23 hectares (including 12 around Lake Zurich), as well as in small quantities Germany ( to bathe ) grown (Kym Anderson ). In the vine museum of the winery Leth (Fels a. W., NÖ) there are also a few sticks.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)