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23.062 Keywords • 48.237 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.282 Cross-references

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Rebmesser

Traditional, versatile tool for the winemaker pruning, for defoliation and for cutting the grapes at the vintage, Such tools are also generally used for work in the garden and in the forest. A vine knife (also Reber) has a single-edged, sickle-shaped blade with a downward-curved tip, which is sharpened on the inside of the curve. Such knives have already been used in this form antiquity used and often in archaeological excavations such as in Georgia found. Below is an antique multi-purpose vine knife from a German edition of the agricultural work “De re rustica” published in 1538 by the Roman author Columella (+70 AD) depicted.

Coat of arms of Bickensohl (Baden) and Laudenbach (Württemberg) / multi-purpose vine knife after Columella

Vine knives are also a common motif in the coat of arms of winegrowing communities or wineries. There are a myriad of regional and local names. Thirteen names are known in South Baden alone (Germany), including Bäcksel, Dechsel, Gertel, Schnäker, Riisäsli, Gertmesser, Häpe and Hoob. Others are Hippe or Heppe (Germany, Austria) and Mutz or Rebmutz (Switzerland). Hip is an old name for the goat; this is probably derived from the knife blade, which is similar to a goat's horn. From the middle of the 20th century, the vine knife was increasingly replaced by the pruning shears (wine scissors). See also under Weingarten Care,

Vine knives - different types of vine knives and pruning shears
Left picture: By Felix Blum, Attribution, Link
Right picture: Klosterneuburg

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