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22.772 Keywords • 48.562 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.910 Pronunciations • 151.023 Cross-references

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Rebmesser

Traditional, versatile tool of the winemaker for the pruning for the defoliation and the cutting of grapes in the vintage, However, such tools are also commonly used for work in the garden and in the forest. A vine knife (also Reber) has a single-edged, crescent-shaped blade with down-turned tip, which is sharpened on the inside of the curvature. In this form, such knives were already in the antiquity used and often in archaeological excavations such as in Georgia found. Below is an antique multi-purpose vine knife from a published in 1538 German edition of the agricultural work "De re rustica" by the Roman author Columella (+70 AD).

Coat of arms of Bickensohl (Baden) and Laudenbach (Württemberg) / multi-purpose vine knife to Columella

Clematis are also a common motif in coats of arms of wine-growing communities or wineries. There are a myriad of regional and loose designations. In South Baden (Germany) alone, thirteen names are known, including Bäcksel, Adelze, Gertel, Schnäker, Riisäsli, Gertmesser, Häpe and Hoob. Others are Hippe or Heppe (Germany, Austria) and Mutz or Rebmutz (Switzerland). Hippe is an old name for the goat; presumably this is derived from the knife blade similar to a goat horn. From the middle of the 20th century, the vine knife was increasingly replaced by the pruning shears (wine scissors). See also below Weingarten Care,

Rebmesser - different types Rebmesser and pruning shears
Picture left: By Felix Blum, Attribution, Link
Picture right: Stift Klosterneuburg

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