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in the taxonomic The system will be the plant of the subclass Rosidae (rose plants), the order Vitales (grapevine-like), the family Vitaceae (vine plants) and the genus Vitis, the vines assigned (see under Vines systematics ). It is a creeper that originally climbed up on trees. The plant can reach huge dimensions and in extreme cases can live up to 300 years. The morphology is divided into the three main organs roots, stem axis (stem with the shoots) and leaves, The entire root system is underground, most of it at a depth of 20 to 50 centimeters. This will anchor the vine in the ground and with everything necessary such as water and nutrients provided.

Grapevine - grape, vine and vineyard

Lower part (root system)

In many countries the New world is an artificial one irrigation usual in the EU this is subject to authorization. At today through the finishing The usual functions of the grafting are the root functions through the document Fulfills. The ideal ground in the vineyard has a balanced relationship between Water storage capacity and water discharge, so that at best the roots are forced to spread far and deep in the earth. The roots of the feet can penetrate to a depth of 15 meters in loose soil. The side roots spread mainly in the upper layers and absorb water and nutrients through the thin fiber roots (root hairs). The dew roots (also day or aerial roots) spread just below the surface of the earth.

Vine - lower and upper part -

Top (noble rice)

The so-called "old" wood lies above the surface of the earth finishing grafted scion formed trunk and the branches branching from it Kordone (Leg). At the trunk (also under the ground) can look out adventitious the water shoots (undesirable secondary drives) form. The two-year-old rods and cones stand on...

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