The white grape probably comes from Austria or the former monarchy Austria-Hungary. There are over 150 Synonyms which attest to the old age and the (in the beginning) wide spread in Central and Eastern Europe. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Velteliner Rouge, Velteliner Rose ( France ); Veltliner Rosso ( Italy ); Ariavina, Feldleiner, Feldleiner Rothlichter, Feldliner, Feldlinger, Fleischroter Veltliner, Fleischrother Velteliner, Fleischrother Veltliner, Fleischtraminer, Fleischfleischraube, Fleischweiner, Großer Roter Veltliner, Männlichen Ariavina, Ranfolina, Roter Riesling, Roter Velteliner, Rotmuskateller, Roter Muskateller, Rotreifler, Todarrer Rotreifler , Ziegelroth ( Austria ); Buzyn, Roter Veltliner Baldig, Veltlínske Červené Slovakia ); Ryvola Cervena ( Czech Republic ); Maucnjk, Mavcnik, Mavenick, Mavenik, Nagy Veltelini, Piros Veltelini, Shopotna ( Hungary ).
The parentage is unknown. Roter Veltliner is considered in Austria as leading variety which has passed its genes to many other native varieties. By numerous above all from the Rebengenetker dr. Ferdinand Regner at the Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstitut conducted DNA analysis at the Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstitut (Lower Austria) was the direct offspring of probably natural intersections resulting six varieties and six color mutations of the Red Veltliner (see also under Veltliner ):
To the sort Green Valtellina there is no direct connection; Roter Veltliner could possibly be a grandparent of it. In some sources, she is considered the parent of the varieties devín and Hetera called ( Wine Grapes ); but in the breeding list of these two is the mutation Red and white Veltliner indicated ( VIVC catalog ). The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is prone to Botrytis and sensitive to frost, A peculiarity of the not unproblematic variety are the often occurring, different berry ripening on a grape. However, it produces spicy, extract-rich, acidic white wines with aromas when fully ripe pepper and prolonged aging almonds, as well as reduced yield and good storage potential.
The variety is in Austria especially in the vineyards Wagram and Weinviertel common. In 2009, it occupied a total of 193 hectares with decreasing tendency (in 2000 there were 258 hectares). As a specialty she is already for decades from the winery Mantlerhof in Gedersdorf-Brunn Krems (Lower Austria) cultivated by selection and especially maintained. Other stocks exist in Italy (South Tyrol), Slovakia (360 ha), Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Hungary (23 ha). In 2011 the variety was accepted as a "passenger" of the "Ark of Taste". It is one of the Foundation's Slow Food excellent foodstuffs that are to be protected and preserved from the risks posed by industrial agriculture and the food industry.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)