The white grape variety probably comes from Austria or the former Austria-Hungary monarchy. There are over 150 Synonyms, which testify to the old age and (earlier) widespread use in Central and Eastern Europe. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Velteliner Rouge, Velteliner Rose ( France ); Veltliner Rosso ( Italy ); Ariavina, Feldleiner, Feldleiner Red lights, Feldliner, Feldlinger, Fleischroter Veltliner, Fleischrother Velteliner, Fleischrother Veltliner, Fleischtraminer, Fleischtraube, Fleischweiner, Großer Roter Veltliner, Male Ariavina, Ranfolina, Roter Riesling, Roter Velteliner, Rotmuskatreifler, Rotmuskateler, Rotmuskateller, Rotmuskateller, Rotmuskateller, Rotmuskateller , Brick red ( Austria ); Buzyn, Red Veltliner Baldig, Veltlínske Červené ( Slovakia ); Ryvola Cervena ( Czech Republic ); Maucnjk, Mavcnik, Mavenick, Mavenik, Nagy Veltelini, Piros Veltelini, Shopotna ( Hungary ).
The parentage is unknown. Roter Veltliner is considered in Austria leading variety who has passed on her genes to many other native strains. Through numerous, especially from Dr. Ferdinand Regner at the Klosterneuburg Wine Institute conducted DNA analysis at the Klosterneuburg Wine Institute (Lower Austria) became the direct descendant of probably natural intersections six varieties and six colors mutations of the Red Veltliner (see also under Veltliner ):
To the variety Green Valtellina there is no direct connection; Roter Veltliner could possibly be a grandparent of it. In some sources, she is the parent of the varieties devín and Hetera called ( Wine grapes ); the mutation appears in the breeding list of these two Red and white Veltliner specified ( VIVC catalog ). The late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to Botrytis and sensitive to frost, A specialty of the not unproblematic variety is the often occurring, different berry ripening on a grape. However, it produces spicy, extract-rich, acid-stressed white wines with aromas when fully ripe pepper and longer expansion of almonds, as well as good storage potential with reduced yields.
The variety is mainly in the wine-growing regions in Austria Wagram and Weinviertel common. In 2009, it occupied a total of 193 hectares with a downward trend (in 2000 there were still 258 hectares). As a specialty, it has been used by the winery for decades Mantlerhof in Gedersdorf-Brunn near Krems (Lower Austria) cultivated by selection and specially cared for. There are further stocks in Italy (South Tyrol), Slovakia (360 ha), Switzerland, the Czech Republic and Hungary (23 ha). In 2011 the variety was accepted as a "passenger" of the "Ark of Taste". It is one of the Foundation's Slow food award-winning foods that are to be protected and preserved from the risks posed by industrial agriculture and the food industry.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)