Designation for one Wine from dark (blue to black) grape varieties. Red wine has a bigger share phenols and a smaller share acids when White wine, The colour is produced by the berries of dark grapes anthocyanins (not in the pulp). After this stemming (Removing the grape scaffold) and light crimping is usually the classic maceration, By the fermentation of the must together with peels and pulp the dyes and tannins from the berry skins and kernels extracted, Special alternative methods are Autovinifikation. Macération carbonique (Carbonic maceration) mash heating. Rotofermentation and overpumping,
After 8 to 14 days, sometimes already in the course of the mash fermentation, the run juice removed from the fermentation tank and only then pressed the mash. However, with red wine, pressing is not as important as with white wine and is therefore not always carried out. Since Pressmost contains many colors and tannins, the intensity of the desired type of red wine depends. In most cases, the pressing must is processed together with the flow must. After the alcoholic fermentation is usually the self-starting malolactic fermentation authorized. Thereafter, the wine is tapped from the fermentation tank and it is done beautiful and optionally one filtration, The subsequent development of the red wine can be done in the tank (stainless steel, ceramics) and / or in wooden barrels. Depending on the type of wine, the container and duration are determined.
Red wines often become one Barrique This is rather the exception for white wines. However, the last phase of the expansion takes place in long-lasting wines in the bottle. The bottle aging can range from large wines over many years to several decades to the optimum maturity is reached. In general, red wines are longer lasting or more viable than white wines. Examples of elaborately prepared red wines are "Barca Velha" from Ferreira (Douro, Portugal), Château Lafite-Rothschild (Pauillac) Château Pétrus (Pomerol), Château Valandraud (St-Émilion, France) and the "Unico" from the winery Vega Sicilia (Spain).
Also made from red wine grapes Rose is one of the manufacturing one White wine much more like a red wine. Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,