Name for one Wine from dark (blue to black) grape varieties. Red wine has a larger proportion phenols and a smaller percentage of acids as White wine, The colour arises from the dark grapes mainly contained in the berry skins anthocyanins (not in the pulp). After this stemming (Removing the grape skeleton) and lightly squeezing usually takes place the classic maceration, By fermenting the must together with peels and pulp, the dyes and tannins from the berries and seeds extracted, Special alternative procedures are Autovinifikation. Maceration carbonique (Carbonic maceration) mash heating. Rotofermentation and overpumping,
After 8 to 14 days, sometimes even during the fermentation of the mash, the run juice withdrawn from the fermentation tank and only then the mash pressed. With red wine, however, pressing is not as important as with white wine and is therefore not always carried out. Since Pressmost contains a lot of color and tannins, the intensity depends on the desired red wine type. The pressed must is usually processed together with the flow must. After alcoholic fermentation, it usually starts independently malolactic fermentation authorized. Then the wine is tapped from the fermentation tank and this is done beautiful and optionally one filtration, The red wine can then be aged in a tank (stainless steel, ceramic) and / or in a wooden barrel. Depending on the type of wine, the container and duration are specified.
Red wines often become one Barrique subjected, this is rather the exception for white wines. The final phase of aging takes place in the bottle for long-lived wines. The bottle aging In the case of large wines, it can extend from many years to several decades until the optimal one maturity is reached. As a rule, red wines have a longer shelf life or are more viable than white wines. Examples of elaborately prepared red wines are “Barca Velha” from Ferreira (Douro, Portugal), Château Lafite-Rothschild (Pauillac) Château Petrus (Pomerol), Chateau Valandraud (St-Émilion, France) and the "Unico" from the winery Vega Sicilia (Spain).
The one also made from red wine grapes Rose is one in production White wine much more like a red wine. Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,