A wine quality term used in many countries around the world, in order to compare higher quality wines with special requirements such as higher ones alcohol content or longer ripening time to declare. However, the terms have different meanings in the individual countries with quite different specifications. Wine regulations are clearly regulated Riserva in Italy, such as Reserva in Spain and Portugal, The "Reserve" in France has no legal significance. In the Anglo-Saxon language area, the term is often used in combination with other terms. These are, for example, Estate Reserve, Private Reserve, Reserve Selection, Proprietor's Reserve and Vintner's Reserve.
The reserve quality label may only be used for one quality wine With Vintage indication used (for Prädikatswein types this is not permitted). The alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. The wine must be made from recommended grape varieties with the best recognizable properties varietal Idiosyncrasy and origin have been generated. at White wine may submit to obtain the State test number not before March 15th, at red wine not before November 1st of the year following the harvest. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the designations Premium and Selection,
The terms Large Reserve or Grande Reserve are permissible for longer maturation. The submission to obtain the State test number may not take place before November 1st of the year following the harvest for white wine, or before May 1st of the second year after the harvest after red wine. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the designation Grande Selection,
With the 2015 vintage, a three-tier quality pyramid for quality sparkling wine or sparkling wine introduced with the three levels Classic, Reserve and Large Reserve.
The term “reserve” was banned for a long time in order to exclude the risk of confusion with products from Austria (reserve) or France (reserve) and thus mislead the consumer. The Higher Administrative Court Rheinland-Pfalz has, however, upheld the complaint of a Palatinate winegrower in a judgment published in 2008. According to this, German wines can now also be called Réserve , Grande Réserve or Privat-Reserve , provided that they have a special quality. The winemaker won after a lengthy legal dispute that had led him to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. However, how the "special quality" is defined is not clearly defined. Skeptics believe that the term will not be widely used because there is no history or background in Germany. Also be with Classic and Selection two terms for high quality that were introduced relatively recently were established.