A wine quality term used in many countries around the world, in comparison to the standard quality wines with special requirements such as higher alcohol content or longer ripening time to declare. However, the terms have different meanings in the individual countries with quite different specifications. Wine is clearly regulated Riserva in Italy, such as Reserva in Spain and Portugal, The "Réserve" in France has no legal significance. In the Anglo-Saxon language area, the term is often used in combination with other terms. These include Estate Reserve, Private Reserve, Reserve Selection, Proprietor's Reserve and Vintner's Reserve.
The quality designation reserve may only for one quality wine With Vintage indication be used (for Prädikatswein types this is not allowed). The alcohol content must be at least 13% vol. The wine must be made from recommended grape varieties with best recognizable characteristics varietal Peculiarity and ancestry be generated. at White wine may filing for obtaining the State test number not before March 15, at red wine not before 1 November of the year following the harvest. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the designations Premium and Selection,
The terms Big Reserve or Grande Reserve are allowed for longer maturation. The filing for obtaining the State test number In the case of white wine, it may not be before 1 November of the year following the harvest, and in the case of red wine, not before 1 May of the second year following the harvest. Incidentally, these provisions also apply to the name Grande Selection,
With the year 2015, a three-stage quality pyramid for quality sparkling wine or sparkling wine introduced with the three levels Classic, Reserve and Large Reserve.
Here, the term "reserve" was banned for a long time to avoid the risk of confusion with products from Austria (reserve) or France (Réserve) and thus misleading the consumer. The Higher Administrative Court Rheinland-Pfalz However, in a judgment published in 2008, the complaint of a Palatine winegrower was upheld. According to this, German wines may now also be referred to as Réserve , Grande Réserve or Privat-Reserve , provided a special quality is given. Thus, the winemaker won after lengthy litigation, which had led him to the European Court in Luxembourg. However, how the "special quality" is defined is not clearly defined. Skeptics say that the term will not be widely used because of the lack of history and background in Germany. In addition, be with Classic and Selection already established two relatively recently introduced terms for high quality.