The resinated wine (Rezine = resin ) is one of the most famous wines Greece who is already in the antique Hellas was produced. Due to the hot climate, the Greeks were confronted with the problem of durability. That's why they wrote the amphorae with pine resin or gave also on the surface of the wine a resin-oil-layer. It was wrongly assumed that the better durability achieved solely by the closure was due to the resin. From this developed the for the Greek drinking culture characteristic wine, the method of resinating is still used today.
Next to the Verdea from the Ionian island Zakynthos This is one of the two wines with the special predicate OKP (protected from origin and with traditional winepress method) are excellent. Retsina wines are produced in white, rosé and red versions. The most common form is the white Retsina, mostly from the grape variety Savatiano and in small quantities from the variety Roditis or on Samos also from Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ) is pressed. The as Kokkineli designated rosé wine is made from a blend of Savatiano and Mandilaria The rare red version is produced exclusively from the variety Mandilaria.
All versions will be released during the fermentation Resin from the Aleppo pine (sea beach pine) added up to a maximum of one kilogram per hectolitre. However, the resin does not remain in the wine, but is in the beautiful and Filter again precipitated. It gives the Retsina a very typical tone with a fresh, bitter Taste that has an appetizing effect. Retsina is produced in almost all Greek wine regions; the share of Greek wine production is around 10%. However, the classic region is Attica in central Greece. These wines may bear a seal of quality if they are made from Savatiano. The approximately 11.5% vol alcohol containing wine should always be very young, drunk at best in the first or second year. Good quality can be determined by the color (as bright as possible and not already golden yellow) and the smell (resin smell not too strong). Strictly speaking, Retsina is not actually a wine type, but rather flavored Wine as well wormwood, He is not as well quality wine Declared (POP or OPAP). Leading producers are the wineries Malamatina (with 60% market share in Greece) and Kourtakis,