The resinated wine (Rezine = resin ) is one of the best known wines Greece who is already in antique Hellas was made. Due to the hot climate, the Greeks were faced with the problem of durability. That's why they were written amphorae with pine resin or gave a layer of resin and oil to the surface of the wine. It was wrongly assumed that the better durability achieved solely through the closure was due to the resin. From this developed that for the Greek drinking culture characteristic wine, the resin method being used to this day.
Next to the Verdea from the Ionian island Zakynthos this is one of the two wines with the special rating OKP (protected against origin and with traditional wine press method). Retsina wines are produced in the versions white, rosé and red. The most common form is the white retsina, which is mostly made from the grape variety Savatiano and in small quantities from the variety Roditis or on Samos also from Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ) is pressed. The as Kokkineli designated rosé wine is made from a blend of Savatiano and Mandilaria won, the rare red version is produced exclusively from the variety Mandilaria.
All versions will be released during the fermentation Resin from Aleppo pine (sea beach pine) added up to a maximum of one kilogram per hectolitre. However, the resin does not remain in the wine, but is in the beautiful and Filter failed again. It gives the Retsina a very typical tone with a fresh, bitter Taste that has an appetizing effect. Retsina is made in almost all Greek wine regions; the share of Greek wine production is around 10%. The classic growing area is however Attica in central Greece. These wines can bear a seal of quality if they are made from Savatiano. The wine containing around 11.5% vol alcohol should always be drunk very young, at best in the first or second year. Good quality can be determined by the color (as bright as possible and not already golden yellow) and the smell (resin smell not too strong). Strictly speaking, Retsina is actually not a type of wine, but rather flavored Wine like that wormwood, He is also not as quality wine (POP or OPAP) declared. The leading producers are the wineries Malamatina (with 60% market share in Greece) and Kourtakis,