The today's viticulture area Weinviertel in Lower Austria was formerly in the independent and designated by the respective main wine places two wine growing areas Retz (in the west) and Falkenstein at Poysdorf shared (in the east). Already in 1155 Retzer vineyards were first mentioned in documents. Around 1200, the famous minstrel Walther von der Vogelweide (1170-1230) is said to be in the Zehenthofkeller Retzer wines have enjoyed. Count Berthold von Rabenswalde (1278-1312) had a new town built on the foothills of the Manhartsberg in 1300 and moved his seat to this place, this was the birth of Retz. The city later got its own protected wine-growing area and became the important wine-trading center of the area. At the end of the Thirty Years' War, Sweden invaded Retz in 1645. The commandant's drinking strength is as follows: Captain Hensius of Sweden, well known as the greatest drinker, sank at twenty pails of wine in four and a half moons, which would be two dozen quarters for the day.
The underground retz is criss-crossed by cellars of up to 30 meters deep and up to three storeys high in scale. Altogether, there are cellars with a total length of 21 kilometers, which gives a larger extension than the streets and alleys of the city. This is due to a privilege of the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490). Every citizen was allowed to trade wine and anyone who owned a cellar was allowed to increase it as needed. The basement vaults, driven deep into the loess, have an ideal temperature between 8 to 10 ° Celsius and a humidity of 90%. The total vineyard area with the secondary villages Unter, Mitter and Oberretzbach amounts to approximately 1,000 hectares, which are planted to 70% with white wine varieties. Dominated here Green Valtellina, followed by Riesling, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) and Riesling, The most important red wines are Blue Portuguese and Zweigelt, Well-known vineyards are Altenberg, Klafel, Satzen and Züngel. In Retz there is also one of the examination centers for the issue of the State test number,
Image: © ÖWM - Armin Faber