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Rheingau

The cultivation area lies in the federal state Hessen in Germany, The vineyards cover 3,211 hectares of vineyards beginning at the Lower Main east of Wiesbaden and extend for about 50 kilometers along the right bank of the Rhine to Lorch north of Ruedesheim. The wine route "Rheingauer Riesling Route" runs along the right bank of Lorch to Hochheim. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) left near the present castle Johannisberg supposedly create the first vineyard. In addition, the Spätlese should have been "invented" here, which is reflected in the story of the Spätlesereiter is announced. Especially in the Rheingau the orders of the Benedictine and the Cistercian made much for the viticulture and possessed also extensive possessions at vineyards.

Rheingau - map

On the still existing today Cabinet-Keller the famous Cistercian monastery Eberbach goes the quality label cabinet back. From this monastery was also the endeavor, the red grape varieties mainly by the Riesling to replace. The first documentary mention of this variety dates from 1435 in Rüsselheim. The VDP-Rheingau organizes one annually here auction for charitable purposes, as well as organizes the Glorious Rheingau days, The place Hochheim has become synonymous with German Rhine wines, from the place name is the usual name in England Hock emerged. In Geisenheim was founded in 1872 important for the German viticulture research institute for viticulture, fruit and horticulture. In the Rheingau existed after the First World War for three years a curious Free State bottleneck,

Climate and soil

The Rhine causes a uniform temperature profile and amplifies the sunlight like a mirror. He also promotes the ascending fog in the autumn Botrytis (Noble rot) as a prerequisite for the very sweet Prädikatswein. The vineyards consist predominantly of sunny southern slopes. Quartz and slate soils in the higher elevations as well as loam, loess and clay soils in the valley are ideal basis for racy and spicy white wines. Phyllite schist around Assmannshausen but also offers optimal conditions for red wines. Well protected from the wind by the Taunus mountain range, there are mild winters and warm summers.

Area, municipalities and locations

The Rheingau exists (since 1971) from the only area Johannisberg with eleven major locations and 123 individual layers. From the year 1999, the name was First crop introduced with wines from first class classified layers (see under VDP classification ). Many of the individual layers extend over several communities. However, name parity is not always the same situation. The municipalities with their individual layers:

Rheingau - Ruedesheim

Blend

Compared to 2009, there were no major changes. The two dominant grape varieties are the Riesling with 78% and Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) with 12%. All other varieties make up the remaining 10%. The climbers were, as in the other growing areas, the varieties Pinot Gris (Pinot Gris), Pinot Blanc (Pinot Blanc), Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 2505 78.1 2420
Pinot Noir incl. SamtrotPinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 392 12.2 368
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 53 1.7 20
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 32 1.0 47
Gray Burgundy Pinot Gris, Pinot gris White 29 0.9
Chardonnay - White 24 0.8 11
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 17 0.5 7
Dornfelder - red 13 0.4 18
Kerner - White 10 0.3 16
Green Silvaner Sylvaner White 9 0.3 9
Red Traminer Traminer. Gewurztraminer White 9 0.3 -
dark fields - red 8th 0.3 12
Ehrenfelser - White 6 0.2 10
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 6 0.2 7
Dakapo - red 6 0.2 6
Merlot - red 6 0.2 4
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 5 0.2 3
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 5 0.2 -
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 5 0.2 2
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 4 0.1 1
Rotberger - red 4 0.1 6
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0.1 2
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 3 0.1 -
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 3 0.1 7
regent - red 3 0.1
Yellow Muscat muscatel. Muscat Blanc White 2 0.1 -
Green Valtellina - White 2 0.1 -
Albalonga - White 1 - 1
Bacchus - White 1 - 1
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt red 1 - -
Cabernet Blanc - White 1 - -
Cabernet Dorsa - red 1 - 0
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 1 - 1
Faberrebe - White 1 - -
Goldmuskateller - White 1 - -
Pinotin - red 1 - -
Reichensteiner - White 1 - 3
Acolon - red 0 - 0
Blauburger - red 0 - -
Blue Silvaner - White 0 - -
Blue Trollinger Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 0 - -
Bronner - White 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cubin - red 0 - -
Cabernet Dorio - red 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - -
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Deckrot - red 0 - 0
Domina - red 0 - 1
foundlingBouvier White 0 - -
Freisamer - White 0 - -
Hegel - red 0 - -
Helfensteiner - White 0 - -
Heroldrebe - White 0 - -
hibernal - White 0 - -
Hoelder - White 0 - -
Huxelrebe - White 0 - 0
Johanniter - White 0 - 1
jewel - White 0 - -
chancellor - White 0 - -
Kernling - White 0 - -
Limberger Blue Limberger, Blaufränkisch red 0 - -
malmseyFrühroter Veltliner, Formerly red White 0 - 0
Merzling - White 0 - -
Morio Muscat Morio White 0 - -
Muscaris - White 0 - -
Muscat Ottonel - White 0 - -
Muskat-Trollinger Muscat d'Hamburg red 0 - -
Neronet - red 0 - -
Nobling - White 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 0 - -
Ortega - White 0 - -
pearl - White 0 - -
Phoenix - White 0 - 0
prior - red 0 - -
Rieslaner - White 0 - 1
rondo - red 0 - -
Red Elbling Elbling White 0 - 1
Red Muscat muscatel White 0 - -
Saphira - White 0 - -
Schönburger - White 0 - 0
Siegerrebe - White 0 - -
Solaris - White 0 - -
Souvignier Gris - White 0 - -
Syrah Shiraz White 0 - 0
Tauberschwarz Blue hanging man red 0 - -
Viognier - White 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - -
White Gassedel Chasselas White 0 - -
Würzer - White 0 - -
teinturierTeinturier du Cher red - - 0
Osteiner - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 31 1.0 59
otherwise red varieties red 2 0.1 16
WHITE VARIETIES 2748 85.6 2610
RED VARIETIES 463 14.4 452
TOTAL 3211 100 3062


producers

Known producers in the Rheingau are Albus. Allendorf. old church. Baron Knyphausen. Barth Norbert. Bausch Hans. Becker Hans-Josef. Bibo & Runge. Episcopal vineyard Rüdesheim. Bott Michael. Breuer Georg. Breuer Stefan. Brothers Eser. Chat Sauvage. Daniel Holger. Diefenhardt's winery. Domdechant Werner'sches winery. Dr. Corvers-cautery. Dr. Heinrich Nägler. Erbslöh. Eser August. FB Schönleber. Flick Joachim. Baron Langwerth von Simmern. Freimuth Alexander. Prince Lowenstein. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. George. Georg Müller Foundation. Goziewski Jörn. Count of Kanitz. Hessian state vineyards. Heaven Emmerich. Hirschmann Christoph. HJ Ernst. Johanninger.

Johannishof Eser. Young Jacob. Businessman Urban. Kesseler. Klosterweingut abbey St. Hildegard. King Klaus & Ursula. King Robert. Crown. Bold Peter Jakob. Artist Gunter. Lamb-Jung. Laquai Paul. Leitz Johannes. GH of Mumm. Nikolai Heinz. Oetinger. Prince Fred. Prince of Hesse. Querbach. Ress Balthazar. Rothenbach Fritz. Rotkäppchen-Mumm. Rüdesheim sparkling wine Ohlig. Castle Johannisberg. Castle Reinhartshausen. Castle Schönborn. Schloss Vollrads. Solter. Spreader Andreas & Bernd. Strieth Thilo. Toni Jost Hahnenhof. Trenz Michael. Vaux. Because Robert. Wilhelm Mohr heirs and Winegrower of Erbach,

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