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Rheinhessen

The growing area is in Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany and is named after the region. The name derives from the historical affiliation between 1816 and 1919 as the province of Rheinhessen of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The vineyards cover 26,758 hectares, making it the largest growing region in Germany. The vineyards are located on the left bank of the Rhine knee Bingen. Mainz and worms in the shape of a giant triangle. Many finds prove an antique wine growing antique antique wines such as B. a Roman water pipe in Ingelheim. In Nierstein is located with the 742 documented location Glöck the oldest vineyard in Germany. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) had a Palatinate (palace complex) there and, according to legend, discovered excellent suitability for vineyards on a trip to the Rhine. He promoted viticulture here by working in the Rhine valley Rhein forests roden Roden and had vineyards planted instead. The Riesling (Rissling) was first here in 1546 by the botanist Hieronymus Bock Bock Hieronymus (1498-1554) erwähnt.

Rheinhessen - Karte

Klima und Boden

Auf Grund des hügeligen Charakters der Landschaft wird Rheinhessen auch als „Land der 1.000 Hügel“ bezeichnet.  Die Böden bestehen hauptsächlich aus Löss, sowie Sand, Mergel, Kalkstein, Ton, Rotliegend, Braunerde, Quarzit und Porphyr. Die (1498-1554) mentioned.

Rheinhessen - map

Climate and soil

Due to the hilly nature of the landscape, Rheinhessen is also known as the "Land of 1,000 Hills". The soils consist mainly of loess, sand, marl, limestone, clay, red bed, brown earth, quartzite and porphyry. The Bedingungen für den Weinbau sind optimal. Unter dem Schutz von Odenwald und Taunus gibt es milde Durchschnitts-Temperaturen zwischen 9,4 (Alzey) bis 10,4 °Celsius (Worms). Das niederschlagsarme Gebiet mit warmen Sommern und milden Wintern zählt mit 1.600 Sonnenstunden jährlich zu den wärmsten deutschen Anbaugebieten sowie den trockensten Gebieten Mitteleuropas. Außer im Südwesten beträgt der jährliche Niederschlag durchschnittlich nur 550 Millimeter. Die in weiten Bereichen vorherrschende bis zu 15 Meter tiefe Lössdecke, sowie die Mergel- und Tonböden verhindern jedoch durch einen guten Wasserhaushalt Trockenschäden.

Bereiche, Gemeinden und Lagen

Die Weinberge am Rheinufer werden oft als Conditions for viticulture are optimal. Protected by Odenwald and Taunus, there are mild average temperatures between 9.4 (Alzey) and 10.4 ° Celsius (Worms). The low-precipitation area with warm summers and mild winters is one of the warmest German growing areas and the driest areas in Central Europe with 1,600 hours of sunshine a year. Except in the southwest, the average annual rainfall is only 550 millimeters. The loess cover, which is predominant in large areas up to 15 meters deep, as well as the marl and clay soils prevent dry damage due to a good water balance.

Areas, municipalities and locations

The vineyards on the banks of the Rhine are often called Rhine front designated. Of the 136 municipalities, 120 end up at "home" and only four do not have any viticulture in their own district. Rheinhessen is divided into three areas Bingen, Nierstein and Wonnegau with a total of 24 large layers and 434 individual layers. The area named after the city in the northwest Bingen is divided into the six major locations Abtey, Adelberg, Kaiserpfalz, Kurfürstenstück, Rheingrafenstein and Sankt Rochuskapelle. Well-known wine-growing regions with their individual layers are:

  • Appenheim : Daubhaus, Drosselborn, donkey trail, hundred Guilder
  • Armsheim : Geiersberg, gold pieces, Leckerberg
  • Aspisheim : Johannisberg, Sonnenberg
  • Badenheim : Galgenberg, Römerberg
  • Bermersheim before heights : Hildegardisberg, Klosterberg
  • Biebelsheim : Honigberg, Kieselberg
  • Bingen : Bubenstück, Honigberg, Kapellenberg, Kirchberg , Klosterweg, Mainzerweg, Osterberg, Palmenstein, parish garden, Rosengarten Rosengarten (single location Germany) . Scharlachberg Scharlachberg (single location Germany) , Prankster, Schloßberg-Chat, Schwarzenberg
  • Bornheim : Chicken, hut terraces, church piece, Schönberg
  • Bubenheim : Honigberg, Kallenberg
  • Büdesheim : Bubenstück, Osterberg, Scharlachberg Scharlachberg (single location Germany) , Schloßberg-Chat, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim : Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - see also under Eiswein
  • Eckelsheim : Donkey driver, Kirchberg, Sonnenköpfchen
  • Ensheim : Kachelberg
  • Flonheim : Binger Berg, Geisterberg, monastery garden, La Roche, Pfaffenberg, Rotenpfad
  • Frei-Laubersheim : Alte Römerstraße, Fels, Kirchberg, Reichskeller, Rheingrafenberg
  • Fürfeld : Eichelberg, Kapellenberg, Steige
  • Gau-Algesheim : Goldberg, Johannisberg, Rothenberg, St. Laurenzikapelle, Steinert
  • Gensingen : Gold Mountains
  • Groß-Winternheim : Bockstein, Heilighäuschen, Schlossberg, monastery brother
  • Heidesheim : Geißberg, Höllenberg, Steinacker
  • Horrweiler : spice garden, Goldberg
  • Ingelheim : Bockstein,Burgberg (single location Germany), Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg, , Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg, horn , Church piece, monastery brother, lottery piece, pares , Rabenkopf, Rheinhöhe, Red Cross, Schlossberg, Westerhaus Castle . Sonnenberg . Sonnenhang , Steinacker, deceiver path
  • Jugenheim : Goldberg, Hasensprung, Heiligenhäuschen, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Neu-Bamberg : Eichelberg, Heerkretz , Kirschwingert, Kletterberg
  • Nieder-Hilbersheim : Honigberg, Steinacker
  • Ockenheim : Hockenmühle, Klosterweg, Kreuz, Laberstall, St. Jakobsberg, Schönhölle
  • Pleitersheim : Sternberg
  • Sankt Johann : Geyersberg, monastery garden, Steinberg
  • Schwabenheim : monastery garden, Schlossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Siefersheim : Golden Horn, Heerkretz . Höllberg , Martinsberg
  • Sprendlingen : Hell, Honigberg, Klostergarten, Sonnenberg, Wißberg
  • Uffhofen : La Roche, Pfaffenberg
  • Vendersheim : Sonnenberg
  • Wendelsheim : Heiligenpfad, Steigerberg
  • Wolfsheim : Götzenborn, Osterberg, Sankt Kathrin
  • Wörrstadt : Kachelberg, Rheingrafenberg
  • Zotzenheim : Johannisberg, monastery garden

Congregations Gau-Algesheim (Goldberg, St. Laurenzikapelle) and Appenheim (Hundertgulden)

The area in the northeast Nierstein reaches as far as 38 BC. BC founded Roman city Mainz , The center is the so-called Rhine front from Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here extend the famous Red slope Red slope the most impressive or best steep slopes in Rheinhessen with the eponymous red slate floors (Rotliegend). The Nierstein area is divided into 11 major locations: Auflangen, Canon, Gutes Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Toad Fountain, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten. Well-known wine-growing regions with their individual layers are:

  • Albig : Homberg, dog head , Hammerstein Castle
  • As home : Fischer path . matins , Goldberg, Römerberg, Sonnenberg
  • Bechtolsheim : Homberg, Klosterberg, Sonnenberg, Wingertstor
  • Biebelnheim : Pilgerstein, Rosenberg
  • Bodenheim : Burgweg . Ebersberg . Heitersbrünnchen . High , Chapel, Kreuzberg, hedge, monk's path, Imperial Knighthood, Silberberg Silberberg (single layer Germany) , West Rum
  • Dalheim : Altdörr, Kranzberg, Steinberg
  • Dexheim : Doctor
  • Dienheim : Falkenberg , Cave, cross, Paterhof, castle, Siliusbrunnen, Tafelstein
  • Dolgesheim : Kreuzberg, Schützenhütte
  • Dorn-Dürkheim : Hasensprung, Römerberg
  • Ebersheim : Hüttberg, sand, wine cellar
  • Eimsheim : Hexelberg, Roman hill, sunny slope
  • Elsheim : Flower, Bockstein, Tempelchen
  • Essenheim : Römerberg, devil's path
  • Framersheim : Hornberg, Kreuzweg, Zechberg
  • Friesenheim : Altdörr, mountain path, button
  • Gau-Bischofsheim : Glockenberg, Herrenberg . Kellersberg Kellersberg (single location Germany) . Pfaffenweg
  • Gau-Odernheim : Fuchsloch, Herrgottspfad, Ölberg, Vogelsang
  • Gimbsheim : Frauenthal, Sonnenweg
  • Guntersblum : Authental, Born path Iron hand Himmelthal , Kreuzkapelle, Sankt Julianenbrunnen, Sonnenberg, Sonnenhang, Steig-Terrassen, Steinberg
  • Hahnheim : Knopf, Moosberg
  • Harxheim : Börnchen, Lieth, Schlossberg
  • Laubenheim : Edelmann, Johannisberg, Klosterberg
  • Lörzweiler : Hohberg, Königstuhl, Ölgild
  • Ludwigshöhe : Honigberg, Teufelskopf
  • Mainz : Edelmann, Hüttberg, Johannisberg, Kirchenstück, Klosterberg, Sand
  • Mettenheim : Goldberg, Michelsberg, Schlossberg
  • Mommenheim : Kloppenberg, Osterberg, silver mine
  • Nackenheim : Engelberg . Rothenberg , Schmittskapellchen
  • Nierstein: Bergkirche, Bildstock, Brückchen, : Bergkirche, wayside shrine, bridges, brother mountain , Ebersberg, Erratic Boulder, Glöck Golden air sacred tree . hipping , Hell, church slab, monastery garden, Kranzberg . Mount of Olives . Orbel . Patersberg . Pettenthal Priest cap Rosenberg Rosenberg (single layer Germany) Hohenrechen Castle Schwabsburg Castle , Ten morning
  • Ober-Olm : Kapellenberg
  • Oppenheim : Daubhaus, Gutleuthaus, Herrenberg Garden Kreuz Kreuz (single layer Germany) . Sackträger , Castle, Schlossberg, Schützenhütte, Zuckerberg
  • Saulheim : Haubenberg, Heiligenhaus, Hölle, Pfaffengarten, Probstey, Schlossberg
  • Schornsheim : Mönchspfad, Ritterberg, Sonnenhang
  • Selzen : Gottesgarten, Osterberg, Rheinpforte
  • Stadecken-Elsheim : Blume, Bockstein, Lenchen, Spitzberg, Tempelchen
  • Uelversheim : Aulenberg, castle, Tafelstein
  • Weinolmsheim : Hohberg, Kehr
  • Wintersheim : Fraugarten
  • Zornheim : Dachgewann, Guldenmorgen, little monk tree, pilgrimage route, Vogelsang

Municipality of Nierstein in Rheinhessen

The Wonnegau area in the south around the Luther city of Worms is one of the warmest and driest areas in Germany. There are calcareous, often heavy clay soils. The area is divided into the seven major locations: mountain monastery, Rodenstein castle, cathedral view, God's help, Liebfrauenmorgen, pilgrim path and Sybillenstein. Well-known wine-growing regions with their individual layers are:

  • Abenheim : Klausenberg, chapel piece
  • Alzey : Holy Blood Mountain, Himmelacker, Hell, Kapellenberg, Kirchenstück, Mandelberg, Pfaffenhalde, Römerberg, Rotenfels, Sonnenberg, Wartberg
  • Bechenheim : Happy
  • Bechtheim : Geyersberg . Hasensprung , Holy Cross, rose garden, stone
  • Bermersheim : rabbit run, rope garden
  • Dalsheim : Burgel . Hubacker , Sauloch, climb
  • Dintesheim : rocks
  • Dittelsheim : Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg , Mönchhube, Pfaffenmütze
  • Dittelsheim-Heßloch : Noble vineyards, Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg , Liebfrauenberg, Mönchhube, moonlight, Pfaffenmütze
  • Erbes-Büdesheim : Geisterberg, Vogelsang
  • Esselborn : Goldberg
  • Flomborn : Feuerberg , Goldberg
  • Flörsheim-Dalsheim : Burgel . Fraunberg Goldberg Hubacker , Sauloch
  • Frettenheim : Heil
  • Gundersheim : Hellfire, Königsstuhl
  • Gundheim : hunger bee, almond fountain, Sonnenberg
  • Heimersheim : Rotenfels, Sonnenberg
  • Heppenheim : Affenberg, Schneckenberg
  • Herrnsheim : Lerchelsberg, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, castle
  • War home : rose garden
  • Leiselheim : Hochberg, Nonnenwingert
  • Mölsheim : Silberberg, Zellerweg on the Black God
  • Monsheim : rose garden, Silberberg Silberberg (single layer Germany)
  • Monzernheim : Goldberg, Steinböhl
  • Mörstadt : Katzenbuckel and Nonnenheim
  • Nieder-Flörsheim : Fraunberg , Goldberg, climb
  • Offstein : Engelsberg, castle garden
  • Osthofen : Goldberg, Hasenbiß, Kirchberg, Klosterberg, Leckzapfen, Liebenberg, Neuberg, Rheinberg
  • Pfeddersheim : Hochberg, Kreuzblick, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Schafhausen : Pfaffenhalde
  • Wahlheim : rogues
  • Weinheim : Holy Blood Mountain, Hell, Kapellenberg, church piece, Mandelberg Mandelberg (single layer Germany)
  • Westhofen : Aulerde Benn houses for wells . parish . Morstein Red stone Steingrube
  • Wies-Oppenheim : At the holy house
  • Worms : Affenberg, Am heiligen Häuschen, Burgweg, Goldberg, Klausenberg, Kreuzblick, Lerchelsberg, Liebfrauenstift-Kirchenstück , Nonnenwingert, Remeyerhof, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, Schneckenberg, St. Cyriac Foundation

Blend

From the beginning of the 1960s there were many, especially in Rheinhessen angebaut und erreichten bis 1980 einen Anteil von 40%. Diese Entwicklung ist aber zugunsten der klassischen Rebsorten wieder rückläufig. Der lange Zeit an der Spitze liegende Müller-Thurgau (die Sorte der berühmten grown and reached a share of 40% by 1980. However, this development is declining in favor of classic grape varieties. The Müller-Thurgau (the variety of the famous Liebfraumilch ) was overtaken by Riesling, whose stock has increased by 22% in the past ten years. As in the other growing areas, there was a trend towards Burgundy varieties. In addition to Riesling, the big climbers were Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
Common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rheinriesling White 4738 17.7 3887
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 4187 15.7 4340
Dornfelder - red 3374 12.6 3407
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner weiß 2.162 8,1 2.462
Ruländer , Sylvaner White 2162 8.1 2462
Ruländer Pinot gris , Pinot Gris White 1835 6.9 1170
Spätburgunderink. Samtrot Pinot Noir , Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 1470 5.5 1344
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Weißburgunder weiß 1.381 5,2 913
Portugieser , Pinot Blanc White 1381 5.2 913
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1108 4.2 1609
Chardonnay - White 777 2.9 429
Kerner - White 754 2.8 1186
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 703 2.6 911
regent - red 639 2.4 767
Bacchus - White 490 1.8 766
Sauvignon Blanc - White 427 1.6 130
Huxelrebe - White 290 1.1 409
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 270 1.1 302
Ortega - White 234 0.9 347
Faberrebe - White 231 0.9 466
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 201 0.8 148
Merlot - red 192 0.7 147
Morio Muscat Morio White 156 0.6 212
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 114 0.4 87
Frühburgunder Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 81 0.3 83
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 77 0.3 81
Yellow muscatel muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 61 0.2 22
Cabernet Mitos - red 59 0.2 62
Cabernet Dorsa - red 54 0.2 52
Acolon - red 51 0.2 54
dark fields - red 40 0.2 64
Siegerrebe - White 41 0.2 62
Würzer - White 34 0.1 43
Johanniter - White 33 0.1 23
Solaris - White 33 0.1 4
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 30 0.1 24
Reichensteiner - White 23 0.1 61
Cabernet Blanc - White 21 0.1 -
Phoenix - red 20 0.1 20
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch , Blue Limberger red 19 0.1 11
Heroldrebe - White 18 0.1 31
Regner - red 13 0.1 41
Optima Optima 113 White 14 0.1 29
Ehrenfelser - White 12 0.1 26
Domina - White 14 0.1 19
chancellor - White 14 0.1 19
Dakapo - red 15 0.1 15
Rubinet - red 15 0.1 12
Syrah Shiraz red 12 0.1 3
Schönburger - White 11 0.1 15
Goldmuskateller - White 10 0.1 -
Muscaris - White 10 0.1 -
Cabernet Franc - red 8th - 1
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 8th - 3
jewel - White 8th - 14
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 8th - 7
Cabernet Dorio - red 7 - 9
Souvignier Gris - White 7 -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 6 - 8th
Rieslaner - White 6 - 5
Cabernet Cubin - red 5 - 5
Neronet - red 5 - -
rondo - red 5 - 6
Saphira - White 5 - -
Albalonga - White 4 - 6
Blue Silvaner - White 4 - 1
malmsey Frühroter Veltliner , Formerly red White 4 - 4
Viognier - White 4 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 3 - 0
Kernling - White 3 - 3
Muscat Ottonel - White 3 - 3
pearl - White 3 - 12
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger rot 2 - 1
, Rotburger red 2 - 1
Pinotin - red 2 - -
Rotberger - red 2 - 3
Bronner Bronner (grape variety) - White 1 - 0
Cabertin - red 1 - -
Deckrot - red 1 1 1
Freisamer - White 1 - 1
hibernal - White 1 - 1
Hoelder - White 1 - 2
monarch - red 1 - -
Muskat-Trollinger Trollinger nutmeg red 1 - 0
Palas - red 1 - 2
prior - red 1 - -
Red muscatel muscatel White 1 - -
Tempranillo - red 1 - -
Cabernet carbon - red 0 - -
Hegel - red 0 - 1
Merzling - White 0 - 0
Nobling - White 0 - 0
Piroso - red 0 - -
Staufer - White 0 - 0
White Elbling Elbling White 0 - -
Arnsburger - White - - 0
Bouvier foundling White - - 1
teinturier Complexion of Cher red - - 0
Fontanara - White - - 0
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Orion - White - - 3
principal - White - - 1
Septimer - White - - 2
Silcher - White - - 0
Sirius - White - - 0
White Gutedel Chasselas , Gutedel White - - 1
otherwise. white varieties - White 45 0.2 39
otherwise. red varieties - White 18 0.1 12
WHITE VARIETIES 19064 71.02 18280
RED VARIETIES 7694 28.8 8200
TOTAL 26758 100 26480


producers

Well-known producers are Bacchushof . Battenfeld-Spanier . Becker Georg Jakob . Becker Gernot . Becker Landgrave . Becker Marco . Bernhard Jörg . Bishop Hartmut . Braunewell . Brothers Dr. Becker . Bunn Lisa . Ch. W. Bernhard . Cistercian winery Michel . Dackermann . Dautermann . Domhof Baumann . Domtalhof . Dreissigacker . Dr. Heyden . Erbeldinger . Espenhof . Evangelical Church of Hesse and Nassau . Flick vintner family . Gehring Theo . Horny Helmut . Geil - Römerhof . Goehring Wilfried . Groebe Friedrich . Groh Heinrich . Gröhl . Gunderloch . Gutzler Gerhard . Gysler Alexander . Hauck Heinz-Günter . Heinz Franz-Josef . Hemer Stefan & Andreas . Hemmes Frank . Heyl to Herrnsheim . Here stood Erich . Hildegardishof . Hirschhof . Hofmann Jürgen . Huff-Doll . Huff Fritz Ekkehard . Hunter Armin . J. Neus . Johanninger . Julius Georg . Julius Wasem - Rodensteiner Hof . struggle . Keller Klaus . Keth Georg Jakob & Matthias . Kissinger . Knewitz . Knobloch Klaus . Koehler Axel . Kreichgauer .

Kruger-Rumpf, . Kühling-Gillot . Landgraf . Laubenstein Wilhelm . Liebfrauenstift Liebfrauenstift (winery) . Louis Guntrum . Manz Erich . May Karl . Meiser Frank . Mertz . Milk Karl Hermann . Müller Axel . Neef-Emmich . Nehrbaß . Neumer Jakob . Economics Council of Johann Geil I. Heirs . Oswald Volker . Pauser Friedrich . Peth Wolfgang & René . Pfannebecker . Posthof Doll and Göth . Prince Salm . Racke . Raddeck Stefan . Rappenhof . Roe deer Kendermann . Rheinterrassenhof . Riffel . Sander . Sandwiese . Schatzel Kai . Schembs Arno . Scherner-Kleinhanß . Westerhaus Castle . Schmitt Daniel . Tailor Georg Albrecht . Schwahn-Fehlinger . Seebrich . Seehof Ernst Fauth . Spies Uwe . Spohr . State wine-growing domain Oppenheim . St. Antony . Steitz Christian . Strub Walter . Villa baths . Wagner-Stempel . Walldorf-Pfaffenhof . Changer Katharina . Weinreich . Weitzel Eckhard . Winter Stefan . Wittmann Philipp and Wurtz-Königsmühle , A well-known winegrowers' association is Message in a Bottle .

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