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Rheinhessen

The cultivation area lies in Rheinland-Pfalz in Germany and is named after the region. The name derives from the existing from 1816 to 1919 historical affiliation as the province of Rheinhessen of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The vineyard area totals 26,758 hectares, making it the largest German area in terms of area. The vineyards are located on the left bank of the Rhine knee between Bingen. Mainz and Worms in the form of a giant triangle. Many finds prove a antique winegrowing antique antique wines such as B. a Roman water pipe in Ingelheim. In Nierstein is located with the 742 documentary mentioned location Glöck the oldest vineyard in Germany. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) had a Palatinate there (palace complex) and is said to have discovered the excellent suitability for vineyards according to the legend on a Rhine trip. He promoted viticulture here by working in the Rhine valley Rhein forests roden Roden and instead created vineyards. The Riesling (Rissling) was first here in 1546 by the botanist Hieronymus Bock Bock Hieronymus (1498-1554) erwähnt.

Rheinhessen - Karte

Klima und Boden

Auf Grund des hügeligen Charakters der Landschaft wird Rheinhessen auch als „Land der 1.000 Hügel“ bezeichnet.  Die Böden bestehen hauptsächlich aus Löss, sowie Sand, Mergel, Kalkstein, Ton, Rotliegend, Braunerde, Quarzit und Porphyr. Die (1498-1554) mentioned.

Rheinhessen - Map

Climate and soil

Due to the hilly nature of the landscape, Rheinhessen is also known as the "land of the 1,000 hills". The soils consist mainly of loess, as well as sand, marl, limestone, clay, Rotliegend, brown earth, quartzite and porphyry. The Bedingungen für den Weinbau sind optimal. Unter dem Schutz von Odenwald und Taunus gibt es milde Durchschnitts-Temperaturen zwischen 9,4 (Alzey) bis 10,4 °Celsius (Worms). Das niederschlagsarme Gebiet mit warmen Sommern und milden Wintern zählt mit 1.600 Sonnenstunden jährlich zu den wärmsten deutschen Anbaugebieten sowie den trockensten Gebieten Mitteleuropas. Außer im Südwesten beträgt der jährliche Niederschlag durchschnittlich nur 550 Millimeter. Die in weiten Bereichen vorherrschende bis zu 15 Meter tiefe Lössdecke, sowie die Mergel- und Tonböden verhindern jedoch durch einen guten Wasserhaushalt Trockenschäden.

Bereiche, Gemeinden und Lagen

Die Weinberge am Rheinufer werden oft als Conditions for viticulture are optimal. Under the protection of Odenwald and Taunus there are mild average temperatures between 9.4 (Alzey) to 10.4 ° Celsius (Worms). The low-precipitation area with warm summers and mild winters, with 1,600 hours of sunshine per year, is one of the warmest German growing areas and the driest areas of Central Europe. Except in the southwest, annual precipitation is only 550 millimeters on average. However, the loess cover, which is prevalent in wide areas up to 15 meters deep, and the marl and clay soils prevent dry damage due to a good water balance.

Areas, communities and locations

The vineyards on the banks of the Rhine are often called Rhine front designated. Of the 136 communities, 120 end up as "home" and only four do not cultivate wine in their own district. Rheinhessen is divided into three areas Bingen, Nierstein and Wonnegau with a total of 24 major locations and 434 individual locations. The northwest lying area named after the city Bingen is divided into the six major cities Abtey, Adelberg, Kaiserpfalz, Kurfürstenstück, Rheingrafenstein and St. Rochuskapelle. Well-known vineyards with their individual layers are:

  • Appenheim : Daubhaus, Drosselborn, donkey trail, hundred Guilder
  • Armsheim : Geiersberg, gold pieces, Leckerberg
  • Aspisheim : Johannisberg, Sonnenberg
  • Badenheim : Galgenberg, Römerberg
  • Bermersheim in front of the height : Hildegardisberg, Klosterberg
  • Biebelsheim : Honigberg, Kieselberg
  • Bingen : Bubenstück, Honigberg, Kapellenberg, Kirchberg , Klosterweg, Mainzerweg, Osterberg, Palmenstein, Pfarrgarten, Rose Garden Rose Garden (single location Germany) . Scharlachberg Scharlachberg (single layer Germany) , Schelmenstück, Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Bornheim : chicken, hut terraces, church piece, Schönberg
  • Bubenheim : Honigberg, Kallenberg
  • Büdesheim : Bubenstück, Osterberg, Scharlachberg Scharlachberg (single layer Germany) , Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim : Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - see also below Eiswein
  • Eckelsheim : Donkey driver, Kirchberg, Sonnenköpfchen
  • Ensheim : Kachelberg
  • Flonheim : Binger Berg, Ghost Mountain, monastery garden, La Roche, Pfaffenberg, Rotenpfad
  • Frei-Laubersheim : Old Roman road, rock, Kirchberg, Reichskeller, Rheingrafenberg
  • Forfeld : Eichelberg, Kapellenberg, Steige
  • Gau-Algesheim : Goldberg, Johannisberg, Rothenberg, St. Laurenzi Chapel, Steinert
  • Gensingen : Gold Mountains
  • Groß-Winternheim : Bockstein, Heilighäuschen, Schlossberg, Klosterbruder
  • Heidesheim : Geißberg, Höllenberg, Steinacker
  • Horrweiler : spice garden, Goldberg
  • Ingelheim : Bockstein,Burgberg (single location Germany), Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg, , Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg, horn , Church piece, convent brother, lottery piece, pares , Rabenkopf, Rheinhöhe, Red Cross, Schlossberg, Castle Westerhaus . Sonnenberg . Sonnenhang , Steinacker, Täuscherspfad
  • Jugenheim : Goldberg, Hasensprung, Heiligenhäuschen, Sankt Georgenberg
  • New Bamberg : Eichelberg, Heerkretz , Kirschwingert, Kletterberg
  • Nieder-Hilbersheim : Honigberg, Steinacker
  • Ockenheim : Hockenmühle, Klosterweg, Kreuz, Laberstall, St. Jakobsberg, Schönhölle
  • Pleitersheim : Sternberg
  • Sankt Johann : Geyersberg, monastery garden, Steinberg
  • Schwabenheim : monastery garden, Schlossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Siefersheim : Golden Horn, Heerkretz . Höllberg , Martinsberg
  • Sprendlingen : hell, honey mountain, monastery garden, Sonnenberg, Wißberg
  • Uffhofen : La Roche, Pfaffenberg
  • Vendersheim : Sonnenberg
  • Wendelsheim : Heiligenpfad, Steigerberg
  • Wolfsheim : Götzenborn, Osterberg, Sankt Kathrin
  • Wörrstadt : Kachelberg, Rheingrafenberg
  • Zotzenheim : Johannisberg, monastery garden

Municipalities Gau-Algesheim (Goldberg, St. Laurenzi Chapel) and Appenheim (Hundred Guilders)

The area lying in the northeast Nierstein extends to the already 38 v. Founded Roman town Mainz , Center is the so-called Rhine front from Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here extend at the famous Red Hang Red Hang the most impressive and best Steillagen Rheinhessen with the eponymous red slate floors (Rotliegend). The area Nierstein is subdivided into the 11 Großlagen Auflangen, Canon, Gut Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Toad Fountain, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten. Well-known vineyards with their individual layers are:

  • Albig : Homberg, dog head , Schloss Hammerstein
  • Home : Fischer path . matins , Goldberg, Römerberg, Sonnenberg
  • Bechtolsheim : Homberg, Klosterberg, Sonnenberg, Wingertstor
  • Biebelnheim : Pilgrim stone, Rosenberg
  • Bodenheim : Burgweg . Ebersberg . Heitersbrünnchen . High , Chapel, Kreuzberg, Leidhecke, Monk's Path, Imperial Knights' Pen, Silberberg Silberberg (single layer Germany) , West Rum
  • Dalheim : Altdörr, Kranzberg, Steinberg
  • Dexheim : Doctor
  • Dienheim : Falkenberg , Cave, Cross, Paterhof, Castle, Siliusbrunnen, Tafelstein
  • Dolgesheim : Kreuzberg, Schützenhütte
  • Dorn-Dürkheim : Hasensprung, Römerberg
  • Ebersheim : Hüttberg, sand, wine cellar
  • Eimsheim : Hexelberg, Roman hill, Sonnenhang
  • Elsheim : Flower, Bockstein, Tempelchen
  • Essenheim : Römerberg, devil's path
  • Framersheim : Hornberg, Stations of the Cross, Zechberg
  • Friesenheim : Altdörr, mountain path, button
  • Gau-Bischofsheim : Glockenberg, Herrenberg . Kellersberg Kellersberg (single location Germany) . Pfaffenweg
  • Gau-Odernheim : Fuchsloch, Herrgottspfad, Ölberg, Vogelsang
  • Gimbsheim : Frauenthal, Sonnenweg
  • Guntersblum : Authental, Born path , Iron hand, Himmelthal , Kreuzkapelle, Sankt Julianenbrunnen, Sonnenberg, Sonnenhang, Steig-Terrassen, Steinberg
  • Hahnheim : Knopf, Moosberg
  • Harxheim : Börnchen, Lieth, Schlossberg
  • Laubenheim : nobleman, Johannisberg, monastery mountain
  • Lörzweiler : Hohberg, Königstuhl, Ölgild
  • Ludwigshöhe : Honigberg, Teufelskopf
  • Mainz : Nobleman, Hüttberg, Johannisberg, church piece, monastery mountain, sand
  • Mettenheim : Goldberg, Michelsberg, Schlossberg
  • Mommenheim : Kloppenberg, Osterberg, Silbergrube
  • Nackenheim : Engelberg . Rothenberg , Schmittskapellchen
  • Nierstein: Bergkirche, Bildstock, Brückchen, : Mountain church, shrine, bridge, brother mountain , Ebersberg, boulder, Glöck , Golden Air, sacred tree . hipping , Hell, Kirchplatte, Klostergarten, Kranzberg . Mount of Olives . Orbel . Patersberg . Pettenthal , Pfaffenkappe, Rosenberg Rosenberg (single location Germany) , Schloss Hohenrechen, Castle Schwabsburg , Ten mornings
  • Ober-Olm : Kapellenberg
  • Oppenheim : Daubhaus, Gutleuthaus, Herrenberg , Herrengarten, Cross Cross (single layer Germany) . Sackträger , Castle, Schlossberg, Schützenhütte, Zuckerberg
  • Saulheim : Haubenberg, Heiligenhaus, Hell, Pfaffengarten, Probstey, Schlossberg
  • Schornsheim : Mönchspfad, Ritterberg, Sonnenhang
  • Selzen : Garden of God, Osterberg, Rheinpforte
  • Stadecken-Elsheim : Flower, Bockstein, Lenchen, Spitzberg, Tempelchen
  • Uelversheim : Aulenberg, Castle, Tafelstein
  • Weinolmsheim : Hohberg, Kehr
  • Wintersheim : Fraugarten
  • Zornheim : Dachgewann, Guldenmorgen, Mönchbäumchen, Pilgerweg, Vogelsang

Municipality Nierstein in Rheinhessen

The Wonnegau area in the south around the Luther city of Worms is one of the warmest and driest areas in Germany. There are calcareous, often heavy clay soils. The area is subdivided into the seven major locations Bergkloster, Burg Rodenstein, Domblick, Gotteseshilfe, Liebfrauenmorgen, Pilgerpfad and Sybillenstein. Well-known vineyards with their individual layers are:

  • Abenheim : Klausenberg, chapel piece
  • Alzey : Heiliger Blutberg, Himmelacker, Hell, Kapellenberg, Kirchenstück, Mandelberg, Pfaffenhalde, Römerberg, Rotenfels, Sonnenberg, Wartberg
  • Bechenheim : Merry
  • Bechtheim : Geyersberg . Hasensprung , Holy Cross, rose garden, stone
  • Bermersheim : hare run, rope garden
  • Dalsheim : Burgel . Hubacker , Sauloch, climb
  • Dintesheim : rocks
  • Dittelsheim : Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg , Mönchhube, Pfaffenmütze
  • Dittelsheim-Hessloch : Noble vineyards, Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg , Liebfrauenberg, Mönchhube, moonshine, Pfaffenmütze
  • Erbes-Büdesheim : Geisterberg, Vogelsang
  • Esselborn : Goldberg
  • Flomborn : Feuerberg , Goldberg
  • Florsheim-Dalsheim : Burgel . Fraunberg , Goldberg, Hubacker , Sauloch
  • Frette home : Heil
  • Gundersheim : hell fire, king chair
  • Gundheim : Hungerbiene, almond fountain, Sonnenberg
  • Heimersheim : Rotenfels, Sonnenberg
  • Heppenheim : Monkey Mountain, Schneckenberg
  • Herrnsheim : Lerchelsberg, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, Schloss
  • War Home : Rose Garden
  • Leiselheim : Hochberg, Nonnenwingert
  • Mölsheim : Silberberg, Zellerweg on the Schwarzer Herrgott
  • Monsheim : rose garden, Silberberg Silberberg (single layer Germany)
  • Monheimheim : Goldberg, Steinböhl
  • Mörstadt : cat hump and Nonnenheim
  • Nieder-Florsheim : Fraunberg , Goldberg, climb
  • Offstein : Engelsberg, castle garden
  • Osthofen : Goldberg, Hasenbiß, Kirchberg, Klosterberg, Leckzapfen, Liebenberg, Neuberg, Rheinberg
  • Pfeddersheim : Hochberg, Kreuzblick, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Schafhausen : Pfaffenhalde
  • Wahlheim : Rogue
  • Weinheim : Holy Blood Mountain, Hell, Kapellenberg, church piece, Mandelberg Mandelberg (single layer Germany)
  • Westhofen : Aulerde , Benn, houses for wells . parish . Morstein , Rotenstein, Steingrube
  • Wies-Oppenheim : At the holy house
  • Worms : Monkey Mountain, Am Heiligen Häuschen, Burgweg, Goldberg, Klausenberg, Kreuzblick, Lerchelsberg, Liebfrauenstift-Kirchenstück , Nonnenwingert, Remeyerhof, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, Schneckenberg, St. Cyriacus pencil

Blend

From the beginning of the 1960s, many were in Rheinhessen especially angebaut und erreichten bis 1980 einen Anteil von 40%. Diese Entwicklung ist aber zugunsten der klassischen Rebsorten wieder rückläufig. Der lange Zeit an der Spitze liegende Müller-Thurgau (die Sorte der berühmten grown and reached by 1980 a share of 40%. However, this development is declining again in favor of the classic grape varieties. For a long time at the top lying Müller-Thurgau (the sort of the famous Liebfraumilch ) was surpassed by the Riesling, whose stock has increased by 22% in the last ten years. As in the other growing areas, there was a trend towards Burgundy varieties. In addition to the Riesling were the great promoters Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 4738 17.7 3887
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 4187 15.7 4340
Dornfelder - red 3374 12.6 3407
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner weiß 2.162 8,1 2.462
Ruländer , Sylvaner White 2162 8.1 2462
Ruländer Pinot gris , Pinot Gris White 1835 6.9 1170
Spätburgunderink. Samtrot Pinot Noir , Blue S., Pinot Noir red 1470 5.5 1344
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Weißburgunder weiß 1.381 5,2 913
Portugieser , Pinot Blanc White 1381 5.2 913
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1108 4.2 1609
Chardonnay - White 777 2.9 429
Kerner - White 754 2.8 1186
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 703 2.6 911
regent - red 639 2.4 767
Bacchus - White 490 1.8 766
Sauvignon Blanc - White 427 1.6 130
Huxelrebe - White 290 1.1 409
Saint Laurent St. Laurent red 270 1.1 302
Ortega - White 234 0.9 347
Faberrebe - White 231 0.9 466
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 201 0.8 148
Merlot - red 192 0.7 147
Morio Muscat Morio White 156 0.6 212
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 114 0.4 87
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 81 0.3 83
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 77 0.3 81
Yellow Muscat muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 61 0.2 22
Cabernet Mitos - red 59 0.2 62
Cabernet Dorsa - red 54 0.2 52
Acolon - red 51 0.2 54
dark fields - red 40 0.2 64
Siegerrebe - White 41 0.2 62
Würzer - White 34 0.1 43
Johanniter - White 33 0.1 23
Solaris - White 33 0.1 4
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 30 0.1 24
Reichensteiner - White 23 0.1 61
Cabernet Blanc - White 21 0.1 -
Phoenix - red 20 0.1 20
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch , Blue Limberger red 19 0.1 11
Heroldrebe - White 18 0.1 31
Regner - red 13 0.1 41
Optima Optima 113 White 14 0.1 29
Ehrenfelser - White 12 0.1 26
Domina - White 14 0.1 19
chancellor - White 14 0.1 19
Dakapo - red 15 0.1 15
Rubinet - red 15 0.1 12
Syrah Shiraz red 12 0.1 3
Schönburger - White 11 0.1 15
Goldmuskateller - White 10 0.1 -
Muscaris - White 10 0.1 -
Cabernet Franc - red 8th - 1
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 8th - 3
jewel - White 8th - 14
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 8th - 7
Cabernet Dorio - red 7 - 9
Souvignier Gris - White 7 -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - White 6 - 8th
Rieslaner - White 6 - 5
Cabernet Cubin - red 5 - 5
Neronet - red 5 - -
rondo - red 5 - 6
Saphira - White 5 - -
Albalonga - White 4 - 6
Blue Silvaner - White 4 - 1
malmsey Frühroter Veltliner , Formerly red White 4 - 4
Viognier - White 4 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 3 - 0
Kernling - White 3 - 3
Muscat Ottonel - White 3 - 3
pearl - White 3 - 12
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger rot 2 - 1
, Rotburger red 2 - 1
Pinotin - red 2 - -
Rotberger - red 2 - 3
Bronner Bronner (Grape Variety) - White 1 - 0
Cabertin - red 1 - -
Deckrot - red 1 1 1
Freisamer - White 1 - 1
hibernal - White 1 - 1
Hoelder - White 1 - 2
monarch - red 1 - -
Muskat-Trollinger Trollinger nutmeg red 1 - 0
Palas - red 1 - 2
prior - red 1 - -
Red Muscat muscatel White 1 - -
Tempranillo - red 1 - -
Cabernet Carbon - red 0 - -
Hegel - red 0 - 1
Merzling - White 0 - 0
Nobling - White 0 - 0
Piroso - red 0 - -
Staufer - White 0 - 0
White Elbling Elbling White 0 - -
Arnsburger - White - - 0
Bouvier foundling White - - 1
teinturier Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Fontanara - White - - 0
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Orion - White - - 3
principal - White - - 1
Septimer - White - - 2
Silcher - White - - 0
Sirius - White - - 0
White Gassedel Chasselas , Gutedel White - - 1
otherwise. white varieties - White 45 0.2 39
otherwise red varieties - White 18 0.1 12
WHITE VARIETIES 19064 71.02 18280
RED VARIETIES 7694 28.8 8200
TOTAL 26758 100 26480


producers

Well-known producers are Bacchushof . Battenfeld-Spanier . Becker Georg Jakob . Becker Gernot . Becker Landgrave . Becker Marco . Bernhard Joerg . Bischel Hartmut . Braunewell . Brothers Becker . Bunn Lisa . Ch. W. Bernhard . Cistercian winery Michel . Dackermann . Dautermann . Domhof Baumann . Domtalhof . Dreissigacker . Dr. Heyden . Erbeldinger . Espenhof . Protestant Church of Hesse and Nassau . Flick winemaker family . Gehring Theo . Horny Helmut . Horny - Römerhof . Goehring Wilfried . Grosse Friedrich . Groh Heinrich . Gröhl . Gunderloch . Gutzler Gerhard . Gysler Alexander . Hauck Heinz-Günter . Heinz Franz Josef . Hemer Stefan & Andreas . Hemmes Frank . Heyl to Herrnsheim . Hiestand Erich . Hildegardishof . Hirschhof . Hofmann Jürgen . Huff-Doll . Huff Fritz Ekkehard . Hunter Armin . J. Neus . Johanninger . Julius Georg . Julius Wasem - Rodensteiner Hof . struggle . Keller Klaus . Keth Georg Jakob & Matthias . Kissinger . Knewitz . Knobloch Klaus . Koehler Axel . Kreichgauer .

Kruger-Rumpf, . Kühling-Gillot . Landgraf . Laubenstein Wilhelm . Liebfrauenstift Liebfrauenstift (Winery) . Louis Guntrum . Manz Erich . May Karl . Meiser Frank . Mertz . Milk Karl-Hermann . Müller Axel . Neef-Emmich . Nehrbaß . Neumer Jacob . Economist Johann Geil I. Erben . Oswald Volker . Pauser Friedrich . Peth Wolfgang & René . Pfannebecker . Posthof Doll and Göth . Prince Salm . Racke . Raddeck Stefan . Rappenhof . Reh Kendermann . Rheinterrassenhof . Riffel . Sander . Sandwiese . Schatz Kai . Schembs Arno . Scherner-Kleinhanß . Castle Westerhaus . Schmitt Daniel . Tailor Georg Albrecht . Schwahn-Fehlinger . Seebrich . Seehof Ernst Fauth . Spewed Uwe . Spohr . Staatliche Weinbaudomäne Oppenheim . St. Antony . Steitz Christian . Strub Walter . Villa baths . Wagner-Stempel . Walldorf-Pfaffenhof . Changer Katharina . Weinreich . Weitzel Eckhard . Winter Stefan . Wittmann Philipp and Wurtz-Königsmühle , A well-known winegrower association is Message in a Bottle.

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