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23.054 Keywords • 48.240 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 155.008 Cross-references

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Rhinehesse

The production area is located in Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and is named after the region. The name is derived from the historical affiliation existing from 1816 to 1919 as the province Rheinhessen of the Grand Duchy of Hessen. The vineyards cover 26,758 hectares, making it the largest German winegrowing area in terms of area. The vineyards are located on the left bank of the Rhine bend between Bingen, Mainz and Worms in the shape of a huge triangle. Many finds prove an antique vinicultureAntiqueAntique winessuch as a Roman water pipe in Ingelheim. Nierstein ishometo Glöck,Germany's oldest vineyard, which was firstmentioned in a document in 742.EmperorCharlemagne(742-814) had a palatinate (palace complex) there and according to the legend, he discovered its excellent suitability for vineyards on a Rhine journey. He promoted viticulture here byclearingforestsin theRhine plainRhine Wälder forestsRoden and instead had vineyards planted. The Riesling (Rissling) was first (1498-1554) erwähnt.

Rheinhessen - Karte

Klima und Boden

Auf Grund des hügeligen Charakters der Landschaft wird Rheinhessen auch als „Land der 1.000 Hügel“ bezeichnet.  Die Böden bestehen hauptsächlich aus Löss, sowie Sand, Mergel, Kalkstein, Ton, Rotliegend, Braunerde, Quarzit und Porphyr. Die mentionedhere in 1546 by the botanist HieronymusBockBock Hieronymus(1498-1554).

Rheinhessen - Karte

Climate and soil

Due to the hilly character of the landscape, Rheinhessen is also called the "Land of 1,000 Hills". The soils consist mainly of loess, as well as sand, marl, limestone, clay, Rotliegend, brown earth, quartzite and porphyry. Theclimatic Bedingungen für den Weinbau sind optimal. Unter dem Schutz von Odenwald und Taunus gibt es milde Durchschnitts-Temperaturen zwischen 9,4 (Alzey) bis 10,4 °Celsius (Worms). Das niederschlagsarme Gebiet mit warmen Sommern und milden Wintern zählt mit 1.600 Sonnenstunden jährlich zu den wärmsten deutschen Anbaugebieten sowie den trockensten Gebieten Mitteleuropas. Außer im Südwesten beträgt der jährliche Niederschlag durchschnittlich nur 550 Millimeter. Die in weiten Bereichen vorherrschende bis zu 15 Meter tiefe Lössdecke, sowie die Mergel- und Tonböden verhindern jedoch durch einen guten Wasserhaushalt Trockenschäden.

Bereiche, Gemeinden und Lagen

Die Weinberge am Rheinufer werden oft als conditions for viticulture are optimal. Under the protection of Odenwald and Taunus there are mild average temperatures between 9.4 (Alzey) and 10.4 °Celsius (Worms). The low-precipitation area with warm summers and mild winters, with 1,600 hours of sunshine per year, is one of the warmest German wine-growing regions as well as the driest in Central Europe. With the exception of the southwest, the average annual precipitation is only 550 millimetres. However, the loess cover, up to 15 metres deep in large areas, and the marl and clay soils prevent dry damage through a good water balance.

Areas, communities and locations

The vineyards on the banks of the Rhine are oftenreferred to as the Rhine front.Of the 136 municipalities, 120 end in "heim" and only four do not grow wine in their own district. Rheinhessen is divided into three areas, Bingen, Nierstein and Wonnegau, with a total of 24 large vineyards and 434 individual sites. The area of Bingen,named after the town in the northwest, is divided into six major sites: Abtey, Adelberg, Kaiserpfalz, Kurfürstenstück, Rheingrafenstein and Sankt Rochuskapelle. Well-known wine-growing villages with their individual sites are

  • Appenheim: Daubhaus, Drosselborn, donkey trail, Hundertgulden
  • Armsheim: Geiersberg, Gold Pieces, Leckerberg
  • Aspisheim: Johannisberg, Sonnenberg
  • Badenheim: gallows mountain, Roman mountain
  • Bermersheim before the height: Hildegardisberg, Klosterberg
  • Biebelsheim: honey mountain, pebble mountain
  • Bingen: Bubenstück, Honigberg, Kapellenberg, Kirchberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg, Osterberg, Palmenstein, Pfarrgarten,RosengartenRosengarten (Germany),ScharlachbergScharlachberg (Germany), Schelmenstück, Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Bornheim: chicken, hut terraces, church piece, Schönberg
  • Bubenheim: Honey Mountain, Kallenberg
  • Büdesheim: Bubenstück, Osterberg,Scharlachberg (single location Germany), Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim: Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - siehe auch unter , Schloßberg-Schwätzerchen, Schwarzenberg
  • Dromersheim: Honigberg, Klosterweg, Mainzerweg - see also under ice wine
  • Eckelsheim: donkey driver, Kirchberg, Sonnenköpfchen
  • Ensheim: Kachelberg
  • Flonheim: Binger Berg (parcels Kisselberg, Muhlenpfad, Ringelberg), Geisterberg, Klostergarten, La Roche, Pfaffenberg, Rotepfad
  • Frei-Laubersheim: Old Roman road, rock, Kirchberg, Reichskeller, Rheingrafenberg
  • Fürfeld: Eichelberg, Kapellenberg, Steige
  • Gau-Algesheim: Goldberg, Johannisberg, Rothenberg, St. Laurence Chapel, Steinert
  • Gene singing: Mountains of Gold
  • Groß-Winternheim: Bockstein, Heilighäuschen, Schlossberg, Klosterbruder
  • Heidesheim: Geißberg, Höllenberg, Steinacker
  • Horrorweiler: Spice garden, Goldberg
  • Ingelheim: Bockstein, BurgbergBurgberg (single location Germany), Heilighäuschen, Höllenweg,Horn, Kirchenstück, Klosterbruder, Lottenstück,Pares, Rabenkopf, Rheinhöhe, Rotes Kreuz, Schlossberg,Schloss Westerhaus,Sonnenberg,Sonnenhang, Steinacker, Täuscherspfad
  • Youth home: Goldberg, Hasensprung, Heiligenhäuschen, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Neu-Bamberg: Eichelberg, Heerkretz, Kirschwingert, climbing mountain
  • Nieder-Hilbersheim: Honey Mountain, Steinacker
  • Ockenheim: Hockenmühle, Klosterweg, cross, Laberstall, St. Jakobsberg, Schönhölle
  • Pleitersheim: Sternberg
  • St. John: Geyersberg, monastery garden, Steinberg
  • Schwabenheim: monastery garden, Schlossberg, Sonnenberg
  • Siefersheim: Golden Horn, Heerkretz,Höllberg, Martinsberg
  • Explosives: Hell, honey mountain, monastery garden, sun mountain, Wißberg
  • Uffhofen: La Roche, Pfaffenberg
  • Vendersheim: Sonnenberg
  • Wendelsheim: Heiligenpfad, Steigerberg
  • Wolfsheim: Götzenborn, Osterberg, Sankt Kathrin
  • Wörrstadt: Kachelberg, Rheingrafenberg
  • Zotzenheim: Johannisberg, monastery garden

Gemeinden Gau-Algesheim (Goldberg, St. Laurenzikapelle) und Appenheim (Hundertgulden)

The Niersteinarea in the northeast reaches as far as the Roman city of Mainz,which was founded as early as 38 BC.The centre is the so-calledRhine frontfrom Nackenheim to Schwabsburg. Here, on the famousRoter HangRoter Hang,the most impressive and best steep slopes of Rheinhessen with the red slate soils (Rotliegend) that give the area its name. The Nierstein area is divided into 11 major sites: Auflangen, Domherr, Gutes Domtal, Güldenmorgen, Krötenbrunnen, Petersberg, Rehbach, Rheinblick, Sankt Alban, Spiegelberg and Vogelsgärten. Well-known wine-growing villages with their individual sites are:

  • Albig: Homberg, Hundskopf, Hammerstein Castle
  • Alsheim: fishing trail,early mass, Goldberg, Römerberg, Sonnenberg
  • Bechtolsheim: Homberg, Klosterberg, Sonnenberg, Wingertstor
  • Biebelnheim: Pilgrim's stone, Rosenberg
  • Bodenheim: Burgweg,Ebersberg,Heitersbrünnchen,Hoch, chapel, Kreuzberg, Leidhecke, monk's path, Reichsritterstift,SilberbergSilberberg (single location Germany), Westrum
  • Dalheim: Altdörr, Kranzberg, Steinberg
  • Dexheim: Doctor
  • Dienheim: Falkenberg, cave, cross, Paterhof, castle, Silius fountain,table stone
  • Dolgesheim: Kreuzberg, Schützenhütte
  • Dorn-Dürkheim: Hasensprung, Römerberg
  • Ebersheim: Hüttberg, sand, wine cellar
  • Eimsheim: Hexelberg, Römerschanze, Sonnenhang
  • Elsheim: flower, boulder, little temple
  • Essenheim: Römerberg, devil's path
  • Framersheim: Hornberg, Way of the Cross, Zechberg
  • Friesenheim: Altdörr, mountain path, Knopf
  • Gau-Bischofsheim: Glockenberg, Herrnberg,KellersbergKellersberg (single location Germany),Pfaffenweg
  • Gau-Odernheim: Fuchsloch, Herrgottspfad, Ölberg, Vogelsang
  • Gimbsheim: Frauenthal, Sonnenweg
  • Guntersblum: Authental, Bornpfad, Iron Hand,Himmelthal, Chapel of the Cross, St. Julian's Fountain, Sonnenberg, Sonnenhang, Steig-Terrassen, Steinberg
  • Hahnheim: Button, Moosberg
  • Harxheim: Börnchen, Lieth, Schlossberg
  • Laubenheim: Edelmann, Johannisberg, Klosterberg
  • Lörzweiler: Hohberg, Königstuhl, Ölgild
  • Ludwigshöhe: Honey Mountain, Devil's Head
  • Mainz: Edelmann, Hüttberg, Johannisberg, church piece, Klosterberg, sand
  • Mettenheim: Goldberg, Michelsberg, Schlossberg
  • Mommenheim: Kloppenberg, Osterberg, silver mine
  • Nackenheim: Engelsberg,Rothenberg, Schmittskapellchen
  • Nierstein: mountain church, wayside shrine, bridge, Brudersberg, Ebersberg, erratic block,bell, golden air,Heiligenbaum,hipping, hell, church slab, monastery garden,Kranzberg,Ölberg,Orbel,Paterberg,Pettenthal, Pfaffenkappe,RosenbergRosenberg (single location Germany), Hohenrechen castle,Schwabsburg castle, ten morning
  • Ober-Olm: Kapellenberg
  • Oppenheim: Daubhaus, Gutleuthaus, Herrenberg, Herrengarten,KreuzKreuz (single location Germany),sack carrier, castle, Schlossberg, Schützenhütte, Zuckerberg
  • Saulheim: Haubenberg, Heiligenhaus, Hölle, Pfaffengarten, Probstey, Schlossberg
  • Schornsheim: monks' path, knights' mountain, sunny slope
  • Selzen: Garden of God, Osterberg, Rhine Gate
  • Stadecken-Elsheim: Flower, Bockstein, Lenchen, Spitzberg, Tempelchen
  • Uelversheim: Aulenberg, castle, table stone
  • Weinolmsheim: Hohberg, Kehr
  • Wintersheim: Fraugarten
  • Zornheim: Dachgewann, Guldenmorgen, monk trees, pilgrim path, Vogelsang

Gemeinde Nierstein in Rheinhessen

The Wonnegau area in the south around the Luther city of Worms is one of the warmest and driest areas in Germany. Calcareous, often heavy clay soils predominate. The area is divided into the seven main areas of Bergkloster, Burg Rodenstein, Domblick, Gotteshilfe, Liebfrauenmorgen, Pilgrim's Trail and Sybillenstein. Well-known wine-growing villages with their individual sites are:

  • Abenheim: Klausenberg, chapel piece
  • Alzey: Heiliger Blutberg, Himmelacker, Hölle, Kapellenberg, Kirchenstück, Mandelberg, Pfaffenhalde, Römerberg, Rotenfels, Sonnenberg, Wartberg
  • Bechenheim: Happy
  • Bechtheim: Geyersberg,Hasensprung, holy cross, rose garden, stone
  • Bermersheim: hare run, rope course
  • Dalsheim: Bürgel,Hubacker, Sauloch, Steig
  • Dintesheim: rocks
  • Dittelsheim: Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg, Mönchhube, Pfaffenmütze
  • Dittelsheim-Heßloch: Noble vineyards, Geiersberg, Kloppberg, Leckerberg, Liebfrauenberg, Mönchhube, moonlight, Pfaffenmütze
  • Erbes-Büdesheim: Ghost Mountain, Vogelsang
  • Esselborn: Goldberg
  • Flomborn: Fire Mountain, Goldberg
  • Flörsheim-Dalsheim: Bürgel,Frauenberg, Goldberg,Hubacker, Sauloch
  • Frettenheim: Heil
  • Gundersheim: Hellfire, Königsstuhl
  • Gundheim: Hunger bee, almond fountain, sun mountain
  • Heimersheim: Rotenfels, Sonnenberg
  • Heppenheim: Ape Mountain, Snail Mountain
  • Herrnsheim: Lerchelsberg, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, castle
  • Kriegsheim: Rose Garden
  • Leiselheim: Hochberg, Nonnenwingert
  • Mölsheim: Silberberg, Zellerweg on the Black Lord
  • Monsheim: Rosengarten,Silberberg (single location Germany)
  • Monzernheim: Goldberg, Steinböhl
  • Mörstadt: Katzebuckel und Nonnenheim
  • Nieder-Flörsheim:
  • Monzernheim: Goldberg, Steinböhl
  • Mörstadt: Cat's back and nun's home
  • Nieder-Flörsheim: Frauenberg, Goldberg, Steig
  • Offstein: Engelsberg, castle garden
  • Osthofen: Goldberg, Hasenbiß, Kirchberg, Klosterberg, Leckzapfen, Liebenberg, Neuberg, Rheinberg
  • Pfeddersheim: Hochberg, Kreuzblick, Sankt Georgenberg
  • Schafhausen: Pfaffenhalde
  • Wahlheim: Pranksters
  • Weinheim: Holy Blood Mountain, Hell, Chapel Mountain, Church Piece,Mandelberg (single location Germany)
  • Westhofen:
  • Westhofen: Aulerde, Benn,well house,parish,morse stone, red stone,stone pit
  • Wies-Oppenheim: At the holy little house
  • Worms: Affenberg, Am heiligen Häuschen, Burgweg, Goldberg, Klausenberg, Kreuzblick, Lerchelsberg, Liebfrauenstift-Kirchenstück, Nonnenwingert, Remeyerhof, Rheinberg, Römersteg, Sankt Annaberg, Schneckenberg,St. Cyriakusstift

List of vine varieties

From the beginning of the 1960s, many new varietiesnew varietieswerecultivated,especially in Rheinhessen,and by 1980 they had reached a share of 40%. This development, however, has been declining again in favour of the classic grape varieties. The Müller-Thurgau (the variety of the famousLiebfrauenmilch), which hadlong been in the lead,was overtaken by the Riesling, whose stock has increased by 22% in the last ten years. As in the other growing regions, there has been a trend towards Burgundy varieties. In addition to Riesling, the great rising stars were Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
german Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 4.738 17,7 3.887
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 4.187 15,7 4.340
Dornfelder - red 3.374 12,6 3.407
Green Silvaner Silvaner, Sylvaner white 2.162 8,1 2.462
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinot gris white 1.835 6,9 1.170
Pinot noir drink. Velvet red Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 1.470 5,5 1.344
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 1.381 5,2 913
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 1.108 4,2 1.609
Chardonnay - white 777 2,9 429
Kerner - white 754 2,8 1.186
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 703 2,6 911
Regent - red 639 2,4 767
Bacchus - white 490 1,8 766
Blanc sauvignon - white 427 1,6 130
Huxelrebe - white 290 1,1 409
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 270 1,1 302
Ortega - white 234 0,9 347
Faberrebe - white 231 0,9 466
Red traminer Traminer/Gewürztraminer white 201 0,8 148
Merlot - red 192 0,7 147
Morio Muscat Morio white 156 0,6 212
Cabernet sauvignon - red 114 0,4 87
Early Burgundy Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 81 0,3 83
Milling vine Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 77 0,3 81
Yellow Muscatel Muscat Plate/Muscat Blanc white 61 0,2 22
Cabernet Mitos - red 59 0,2 62
Cabernet dorsa - red 54 0,2 52
Acolone - red 51 0,2 54
Dark fields - red 40 0,2 64
Winning vine - white 41 0,2 62
Seasoning - white 34 0,1 43
Johanniter - white 33 0,1 23
Solaris - white 33 0,1 4
Auxerrois Lesser Heunisch white 30 0,1 24
Reichensteiner - white 23 0,1 61
Cabernet blanc - white 21 0,1 -
Phoenix - red 20 0,1 20
Limberger/ Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 19 0,1 11
Herald's vine - white 18 0,1 31
Sprinklers - red 13 0,1 41
Optima Optima 113 white 14 0,1 29
Ehrenfelser - white 12 0,1 26
Dominatrix - white 14 0,1 19
Chancellor - white 14 0,1 19
Dakapo - red 15 0,1 15
Ruby - red 15 0,1 12
Syrah Shiraz red 12 0,1 3
Schönburger - white 11 0,1 15
Gold Muscat - white 10 0,1 -
Muscaris - white 10 0,1 -
Cabernet franc - red 8 - 1
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 8 - 3
Jewel - white 8 - 14
Trollinger Blue Trollinger, Schiava Grossa red 8 - 7
Cabernet dorio - red 7 - 9
Souvignier Gris - white 7 -
Ehrenbreitsteiner - white 6 - 8
Rieslaner - white 6 - 5
Cabernet Cubin - red 5 - 5
Neronet - red 5 - -
Rondo - red 5 - 6
Saphira - white 5 - -
Albalonga - white 4 - 6
Blue Silvaner - white 4 - 1
Malmsey Early Red Veltliner, Former Red white 4 - 4
Viognier - white 4 - -
Cabernet cortis - red 3 - 0
Kernel - white 3 - 3
Nutmeg Ottonel - white 3 - 3
Bead - white 3 - 12
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 2 - 1
Pinotine - red 2 - -
Rotberger - red 2 - 3
BronnerBronner (grape variety) - white 1 - 0
Cabertin - red 1 - -
Cover Red - red 1 1 1
Freisamer - white 1 - 1
Hibernal - white 1 - 1
Hölder - white 1 - 2
Monarch - red 1 - -
Nutmeg Trollinger Trollinger nutmeg red 1 - 0
Palas - red 1 - 2
Prior - red 1 - -
Red Muscatel Muscatel white 1 - -
Tempranillo - red 1 - -
Cabernet carbon - red 0 - -
Hegel - red 0 - 1
Merzling - white 0 - 0
Nobling - white 0 - 0
Piroso - red 0 - -
Staufer - white 0 - 0
White Elbling Elbling white 0 - -
Arnsburger - white - - 0
Bouvier Boulder white - - 1
Dyer's grape Teinturier du Cher red - - 0
Fontanara - white - - 0
Mariensteiner - white - - 1
Orion - white - - 3
Principal - white - - 1
Septimer - white - - 2
Silcher - white - - 0
Sirius - white - - 0
White chasselas Chasselas, Gutedel white - - 1
otherwise. white varieties - white 45 0,2 39
otherwise. red varieties - white 18 0,1 12
WHITE TYPES 19.064 71,02 18.280
RED VARIETIES 7.694 28,8 8.200
TOTAL 26.758 100 26.480


Producers

Well-known producers are Bacchushof,Battenfeld-Spanier,Becker Georg Jakob,Becker Gernot,Becker Landgraf,Becker Marco,Bernhard Jörg,Bischel Hartmut,Braunewell,Brüder Dr. Becker,Bunn Lisa,Ch. W. Bernhard,Cistercienser Weingut Michel,Dackermann,Dautermann,Domhof Baumann,Domtalhof,Dreissigacker,Dr. Heyden,Erbeldinger,Espenhof,Protestant Church of Hesse and Nassau,Flick winegrowing family,Gehring Theo,Geil Helmut,Geil - Römerhof,Göhring Wilfried,Groebe Friedrich,Groh Heinrich,Gröhl,Gunderloch,Gutzler Gerhard,Gysler Alexander,Hauck Heinz-Günter,Heinz Franz-Josef,Hemer Stefan & Andreas,Hemmes Frank,Heyl zu Herrnsheim,Hiestand Erich,Hildegardishof,Hirschhof,Hofmann Jürgen,Huff-Doll,Huff Fritz Ekkehard,Jäger Armin,J. Neus,Johanninger,Julius Georg,Julius Wasem - Rodensteiner Hof,Kampf,Keller Klaus,Keth Georg Jakob & Matthias,Kissinger,Knewitz,Knobloch Klaus,Koehler Axel,Kreichgauer,

Kruger-Hull,Kühling-Gillot,Landgrave,Laubenstein Wilhelm,LiebfrauenstiftLiebfrauenstift (winery),Louis Guntrum,Manz Erich,May Karl,Meiser Frank,Mertz,Milch Karl-Hermann,Müller Axel,Neef-Emmich,Nehrbaß,Neumer Jakob,Ökonomierat Johann Geil I. Erben,Oswald Volker,Pauser Friedrich,Peth Wolfgang & René,Pfannebecker,Posthof Doll and Göth,Prinz Salm,Racke,Raddeck Stefan,Rappenhof,Reh Kendermann,Rheinterrassenhof,Riffel,Sander,Sandwiese,Schätzel Kai,Schembs Arno,Scherner-Kleinhanß,Schloss Westerhaus,Schmitt Daniel,Schneider Georg Albrecht,Schwahn-Fehlinger,Seebrich,Seehof Ernst Fauth,Spies Uwe,Spohr,Staatliche Weinbaudomäne Oppenheim,St. Antony,Steitz Christian,Strub Walter,Villa Bäder,Wagner stamp,Walldorf-Pfaffenhof,changer Katharina,Weinreich,Weitzel Eckhard,Winter Stefan,Wittmann PhilippandWürtz-Königsmühle.A well-known winegrowers' association isMessage in a Bottle.

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