With around 1,400 km², the largest island in the Dodecanese group and fourth largest Greece in the Aegean Sea, It is also known as the "Pearl of the Mediterranean". The capital with three ports is also called Rhodes, the second most important city is Lindos. The island lies between the three continents Europe. Asia and Africa and therefore had already in the antiquity great importance for trade. Probably brought the before the Greeks Phoenicians viticulture on the island. To Homer (8th century BC) Rhodes participated in the Trojan War with nine ships. In 408 BC, the three largest cities of Rhodes allied and founded a new city on the site of the current city of Rhodes. The schools of philosophers, philologists and speakers were famous and the city was a focal point for shipping, trade and (also wine) culture. In the 7th century BC The island developed into a significant wine exporter to the ancient world.
The unsuccessful siege of Rhodes by Demetrios 305 to 304 BC is one of the most famous wars in ancient history. The Rhodians sold the siege machines left behind for the gigantic sum of 300 talents and thus erected the statue of the sun god Helios, one of the seven wonders of the world. The sculptor Charis from Lindos made in 12 years work around 280 BC. The bronze figure of the "Colossus of Rhodes" with a height of 31 meters. She is said to have stood in the entrance to Mandraki harbor; the ships passed through the thighs (today it is certain that the colossus must have stood on the mainland). The figure was destroyed by a large earthquake in 226 BC after only 66 years. BC completely destroyed.
Due to the mild climate (there is only spring and summer) and 300 days of sunshine a year, Rhodes is ideal for viticulture. There is a lot of rain during the winter months and summer also offers cooling winds from the north. The vineyards cover around 1,200 hectares of vineyards. The phylloxera came to the island, but the special composition of the floors prevented spreading. There are still many, especially on the slopes of Mount Atavyros ungrafted and very old vines. The picture shows a vineyard in the traditional form of soil education, which Kouloura on the island Santorini is very similar.
There are three as POP classified appellations (formerly OPAP and OPE). The red wine Rodos Red is predominantly in the south unmixed from the Amorgiano variety ( Mandilaria ) and mainly in the north of the white wine Rodos White also from the variety Athiri Aspro vinified. Both are available in the flavors dry. medium-dry and lovely, The sweetly developed Muscat of Rodos dessert wine is made from the Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ) produced. He is called Vin doux naturel (sprit) and as Vin naturellement doux generated. If the grapes from particularly old vineyards with low earnings the name Vin Doux Grand Cru on label be used. Much of the grapes are grown by the large wine cooperative CAÏR bought and vinified. This also produces a bottle-fermented sparkling wine from Athiri Aspro ( PGE = Country wine). Other major producers are Emery Wines and Tsantali,