The white grape variety comes from the border area Italy / Slovenia. Synonyms include Avola, Erbula, Gargania, Rabola, Rabiola, Rebolla, Ribolla Bianca, Ribolla Gialla di Rosazzo, Ribolla di Rosazzo and Ribuèle ( Italy ); Jarbola, Jerbula, Ribola Bijela ( Croatia ); Garganija, Garganja, Grganc, Rebula, Rebula Bela, Zelena Rebula ( Slovenia ). According to DNA analysis seems one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Gouais Blanc possible. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Garganega. Pignoletto (Ribolla riminese), Prosecco Lungo (Ribolla Spizade) or Robola be confused. There is no relation to the red variety Schioppettino (with the synonym Ribolla Nera).
According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it should be a descendant of Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned famous Pucinum his. In any case, the variety in Friuli was already mentioned in 1296 in connection with the sale of a Rabola wine, in which Pope Boniface VIII (1235-1303) was also involved. Its importance is evidenced by the city of Udine banning the adulteration of the vine in 1402. The writer Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) mentioned them in a script in which he railed against gluttony. It is probably the type of wine that is often mentioned in the Middle Ages Reinval, In any case, it was widespread in Friuli (Italy) and Istria (Slovenia) in the 14th century. Only after the Phylloxera disaster the stock declined sharply.
The medium-ripening, low-yielding vine is susceptible to millerandage (Millerandage). It produces yellow-colored, acidic white wines with lemon aroma. The variety is in Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the DOC wines Collio Goriziano and Colli Orientali del Friuli authorized. The area under cultivation in Italy is 435 hectares. In Slovenia it is cultivated under the name Rebula, mainly in the Goriška Brda and Vipavska Dolina areas, as well as Kras and Slovenska Istra, and occupies a total of 743 hectares. It is also said to be in California Napa Valley cultured. In 2010 a total of 1,178 hectares of vineyards were recorded.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)