The white grape variety comes from the border area Italy / Slovenia. Synonyms include Avola, Erbula, Gargania, Rabola, Rabiola, Rebolla, Ribolla Bianca, Ribolla Gialla di Rosazzo, Ribolla di Rosazzo and Ribuèle ( Italy ); Jarbola, Jerbula, Ribola Bijela ( Croatia ); Garganija, Garganja, Grganc, Rebula, Rebula Bela, Zelena Rebula ( Slovenia ). According to DNA analysis seems one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Gouais blanc possible. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Garganega. Pignoletto (Ribolla Riminese), Prosecco Lungo (Ribolla Spizade) or Robola be confused. There is no relation to the red variety Schioppettino (with the synonym Ribolla Nera).
After unverifiable hypothesis, she should be a descendant of Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned famous Pucinum his. In any case, the variety was mentioned in Friuli already in 1296 in connection with the sale of a Rabola wine, in which also Pope Boniface VIII (1235-1303) was involved. The significance testifies to a ban issued in 1402 by the city of Udine against the adulteration of the vine. The writer Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) mentioned it in a book in which he railed against gluttony. It is probably the sort of wine often mentioned in the Middle Ages Reinval, In any case, in the 14th century it was widespread in Friuli (Italy) and Istria (Slovenia). Only after the Phylloxera disaster the stock fell sharply.
The medium-maturing, low-yielding vine is prone to millerandage (Millerandage). It produces yellow-colored, acidic white wines with lemon flavor. The variety is in Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the DOC wines Collio Goriziano and Colli Orientali del Friuli authorized. The acreage in Italy is 435 hectares. In Slovenia, it is cultivated under the name Rebula mainly in the areas of Goriška Brda and Vipavska Dolina, as well as Kras and Slovenska Istra and occupies a total of 743 hectares. Supposedly, she is also in California Napa Valley cultured. In 2010, a total of 1,178 hectares were recorded.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)