The famous noble family in the Tuscany has been wine-growing since 1141, making it one of the oldest wineries in the world. Since that time, this family had extensive property in the area between Siena and Florence. This caused the Republic of Florence to exclude the family from public office. However, this could not prevent the family from exerting great political influence over centuries. Baron Bettino Ricasoli (1809-1880) inherited the neglected Castello di Brolio family estate in the heart of the area around 1830 Chianti Classico and began to reform viticulture on a grand scale. He traveled to France and Germany, studied viticulture there and imported numerous grape varieties. In 1861 he became Prime Minister of the new Kingdom of Italy and was nicknamed the "Iron Baron".
After numerous attempts, around 1850 he created a general recipe for the Chianti (look there). In a letter from 1872, Ricasoli summarized the results of his decades of experimentation. The modern Chianti recipe has changed significantly since then. An even more significant influence on the quality of the Chianti was the Baron's efforts to reorganize the production and marketing of the Chianti wines in the sense of a division of activities. The concept assumed that the majority of the winegrowers would deliver grapes to large trading houses and wineries and that they would then carry out the vinification, expansion and marketing. For this reason, he founded the Ricasoli trading company, which then developed into the leading Chianti manufacturer over the next hundred years.
In the 1960s, Ricasoli was under the control of the Seagram group for several years. Although this led to a huge increase in production, it had a negative impact on the quality. In 1990 Ricasoli became an Australian multi Hardy bought, but only three years later took his skill back into his own hands. Francesco Ricasoli has been managing the estate with its “Castello di Brolio” headquarters since 1993. Of around 1,200 hectares of land, almost all of which are in the Gaiole commune, 250 hectares are vineyards. The complete renewal of the vine crops began in 1994, today the density is 5,500 to 6,200 vines per hectare. On more than 150 hectares Sangiovese cultured. The rest is with the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Canaiolo Nero. Chardonnay, Malvasia del Chianti ( Malvasia Bianca Lunga ) and Merlot planted.
The main wine of the house is "Chianti-Classico Castello di Brolio" from Sangiovese, which is 18 months in Barrique is expanded. Other premium wines are "Chianti Classico Brolio" and "Riserva Rocca Guicciarda". The red wine "Casalferro" is blended from Sangiovese and Merlot. The white wine "Torricella" from Chardonnay is aged for eight months in barriques and the "Brolio Vinsanto" (from Malvasia del Chianti) is still made according to the old tradition. A young Chianti named "San Ripolo" is marketed under the "Barone Ricasoli" label. The "Castello di Cacchiano" with around 25 hectares of vineyards belongs to Giovanni Ricasoli-Firidolfi (cousin of the Brolio branch). The Castello has been in the family since 1150. A Chianti Classico “Castello di Cacchiano” (90% Sangiovese, Canaiolo, Malvasia Nero, Colorino and Merlot) is produced here.