The English king Richard I. Lionheart (1157-1199) set out for the third crusade in 1190. On the way he conquered the island the following year Cyprus
, There he learned the famous wine Commandaria
know and love. During the joint siege of the Akkon fortress (according to another source: Askalon) Richard the Lionheart fatally insulted the Babenberger Duke Leopold V (1157-1194) of Austria. Leopold was involved with a total of eight colleagues and after the fall of the fortress attached his Babenberg banner to a castle tower. Löwenherz then had the banner torn down and thrown into the droppings, because in his opinion the minor involvement did not justify the fastening of the banner. On the return trip he was first recognized in Carinthia, but was able to escape. On December 21, 1192, he met at Wiener
Suburb Erdberg (today 3rd district). He sent a confidante into town to buy groceries. Byzantine gold coins made him suspicious. He was followed to a restaurant where the king was recognized and arrested.
Richard was brought to Hadmar II by Kuenring (1140-1218) and probably by him to the castle Dürnstein
in the Wachau
recorded. However, this was not done (as fabulously reported) in a dark dungeon dungeon, but according to its high rank. He was provided with plenty of food and Wachau wine. After a few months, Richard was given to the German Emperor Heinrich VI. (1165-1197) passed. After lengthy negotiations, he was finally released in February of 1194 for a ransom of six thousand buckets of silver, equivalent to 23,300 kilograms of silver, and some political demands. The value was approximately twice the annual income of the English crown. Today, this amount of silver would be worth around 10 million euros. However, the value at that time cannot be compared with today's standards. The ransom was paid between Emperor Heinrich VI. and Duke Leopold shared. Among other things, Leopold used part of it to build the first city wall in Vienna. In order to be able to coin the rest of it, he had the first Vienna mint “Münze Wien” built in Wien
in 1194, which is today's “Münze Österreich”.