The English king Richard I Lionheart (1157-1199) set out in 1190 for the third crusade. On the way he conquered the island the following year Cyprus
, There he learned the famous wine Commandaria
know and love. During the joint siege of the fortress Akkon (according to other source Askalon) insulted Richard the Lionheart the Babenberger Duke Leopold V (1157-1194) of Austria deadly. Leopold was involved with a total of eight combatants and fortified after the fall of the fortress his Babenberger banner at a castle tower. Lionheart then had the banner torn down and thrown in the feces, because in his opinion, the minor involvement did not justify the attachment of the banner. On the return trip, he was first recognized in Carinthia, but escaped. On December 21, 1192 he met in Wiener
Suburb Erdberg (today 3rd district). He sent a confidant to the city to buy groceries. This made himself suspicious by Byzantine gold coins. He was followed to a restaurant where the king was recognized and arrested.
Richard was brought to Hadmar II of Kuenring (1140-1218) and probably by this at the castle Dürnstein
in the Wachau
recorded. However, this did not happen (as fabulously reported) in a dark dungeon dungeon, but according to its high rank. He was well supplied with food and Wachauer wine. After a few months, Richard was sent to the German Emperor Heinrich VI. (1165-1197). After lengthy negotiations, he was finally released for a ransom of six thousand buckets of silver, equal to 23,300 kilograms of silver, as well as some political demands in February of 1194. The value corresponded to about twice the annual income of the English crown. Today, this amount of silver would be worth around 10 million euros. The former value can not be compared with today's standards. The ransom was between Emperor Henry VI. and Duke Leopold shared. Among other things, Leopold used a part for the construction of the first Viennese city wall. In order to be able to coin the large remainder, he had the first Viennese coinage "Mint Vienna" built in 1194 Am Hof in Wien
, that is today's "Austrian Mint".