The white grape variety probably comes from Germany. There are over 150 Synonyms, which testify to the old age and worldwide distribution in almost all wine-growing countries. Historically important or still in use alphabetically grouped by country are rislings ( Bulgaria ); Noble Riesling, Yellow Riesling, Gräfenberger, Hochheimer, Johannisberger, Kleinriesling, Klingelberger, Rissling, Rüsseling, White Riesling ( Germany ); Raisin du Rhin, Riesling Rhénan ( France ); Riesling Renano ( Italy ); Rajinski Riesling (former Yugoslavia ); Rizling Rajnski ( Croatia ); Rislinoc ( Moldova ); Rhine Riesling, Ritzling (also called a reed), white Riesling ( Austria ); Johannisberg, Johannisberg Riesling, Petit Rhin ( Switzerland ); Rizling Rýnsky ( Slovakia ); Renski Rizling ( Slovenia ); Lipka, Ryzlink Rýnský, Starovetski ( Czech Republic ); Beyaz Riesling ( Turkey ); Рислінг, Rislinok ( Ukraine ); Fehér Rajnai, Rajnai Rizling ( Hungary ); Rhine Riesling, White Riesling ( California - United States ).
According to the Austrian biologist Dr. Ferdinand Regner carried out in 1998 DNA analysis is the Riesling from a presumably natural cross between (Vitis vinifera sylvestris x Traminer ) x White Heisch ( Gouais Blanc ) emerged. Of the wild grape stem from the small berries and the frost hardiness, from the Traminer the spicy Notes and the Heunisch brought in late maturity, robustness and acid potential. It should be noted that although Gouais Blanc, the participation of wild grape and traminer is not guaranteed. The rare kind of game Red Riesling is not a precursor according to DNA analysis, but one mutation of the white Riesling and the variety Blue Riesling comes from the Traminer. The white Riesling may be on the ground morphological No similarities with the varieties Crouchen. Menu Pineau. Pedro Ximénez. Räuschling or Sauvignonasse be confused. There is no genetic relationship to Riesling (Graševina), whose lineage is unknown. The prestigious name Riesling has often been misleading and sometimes misused around the world:
Due to its excellent qualities, the variety was used for around 200 new varieties used. Especially the three institutes Geilweilerhof (Pfalz), Geisenheim (Rheingau) and vineyard (Württemberg) were active. The main offspring are Alb de Yaloven. Aris. Arnsburger. Aromriesling. August Riesling. Aurelius. Bacchus. bouquet Riesling. Breidecker. comtessa. Dalkauer. Dalmasso 12-40. diamond Muskat. Danube Riesling. Dr. Deckerrebe. precious nutmeg. Ehrenfelser. Elbriesling. Emerald Riesling. fine nutmeg. fine Riesling. Firnriesling. early Riesling. Goldriesling (1), Grando. Gyöngyrizling. hibernal. Hoelder. Johanniter. Jo Rizling. Kerner. Klosterneuburg 44-8. Kocsis Zsuzsa. Lafayette. Louisette. Manzoni Bianco. Marie Riesling. Merzling. Misket Varnenski. Morava. Müller-Thurgau. Multaner. Muscat de la Republique. Muscat Dore de Semis. nutmeg flower. muscat bouquet. nutmeg scent. Muscat Riesling. Naumburg 5016-37. Negritienok. Noblessa. Noria. Optima. Osiris. Oraniensteiner. Osteiner. Panonia. President Carnot. Primera. principal. Quanbai. Quanyu B. Rabaner. Rieslaner. Ries Lina. Ries liner. Riesling Bulgarski. Riesling Forte. Riesling Lion. Riesling Magaracha. Romeo. Rotberger. ruling. Sauvignon Cita. Sauvignon Gryn. Sauvignon Sary. Scheurebe. Siegfriedrebe. Therona Riesling. Thurling. Witberger and Zähringer,
The Riesling probably comes from the Rhine Valley, It was first mentioned in the middle of the 15th century. An invoice item for Riesling vines appears in a document from 1435 in Rüsselheim (Frankfurt). Another document mentions a "proboscis" in Alsace in 1348. However, it is unclear whether this is Riesling. The well-known German botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) writes in his "Kreütter Buch", edition 1546, that "Rissling grow on the Mosel / Rhein and in Wormbs" . The origin is also claimed by winemakers in the Austrian Wachau region because it was named a vineyard that was first mentioned in the 13th century Ritzling gives. But of course that is not proof.
The variety was probably very common with other Heunisch / Traminer descendants such as Elbling. feeder and Räuschling in the Mixed sentence in the vineyard. Only relatively late, from the 19th century onwards, it was planted in pure sets. An exception was the prince abbot of Fulda, who had Riesling grown on the newly acquired Johannisberg in 1716. But the variety was controversial for a long time. A document from 1747 reports: "In Rhingau they have: Gutedel and Elbling as the best variety, Heinisch as the middle variety and Sußling as the worst of the grapes." The approximately three hundred year climate phase of the Little ice age was just not warm enough for a late harvest, because you had to fear early night frosts. The story of Spätlesereiter from 1775 probably also caused the reading date to be postponed from the middle / end of September to the beginning of November. With increasing warming from the middle of the 19th century, Riesling prevailed and is now one of the best in the world Cépages nobles, Because of the durability and finesse the wine is also called “white Cabernet Sauvignon " designated.
The late ripening vine is resistant to frost and wrong mildew and only slightly susceptible to powdery mildew and Botrytis, It thrives particularly well in relatively cool cultivation zones over slate and bedrock on sunny steep slopes. The wines usually have a harmonious taste with high Acid- and extract, but rather moderate alcohol content, as well as diverse, fruity aromas of apples, apricots, grapefruits, passion fruits, peaches, roses and lemons. As part of a wine address they are often called steely. hot-blooded and mineral described. However, it depends on the soil conditions, which are pronounced. Riesling is said to have the character of a soil ( terroir ) can express particularly well. With age, an almond and also develop petrol tone, a cherished by fans Aroma, The greenish-yellow colour changes to shimmering gold tone. Riesling wines tend to be potentially extreme durability. Prädikatsweine last 20, 30, 40 years and longer. A particularly impressive example is a 421 year old Würzburger stone that was still edible (see also under oldest wines ).
As the most common variety in Germany in 2010 he occupied a total of 22,580 hectares. The growing areas with the largest share are Moselle with a third of the total area, as well Rheingau and middle Rhine, However, the variety is represented in all 13 growing areas. There are ideal conditions on the Moselle, where, according to many experts, there are the best Rieslings. The meaning is also evident in VDP classification model, The Union Per Riesling (Mosel) successfully tries to promote the vine. The label Klingelberger is mostly in to bathe used in the Ortenau area for special Riesling clones and is of particular importance there.
There is more acreage in Bulgaria (1,170 ha), England (1 ha), France especially Alsace (3,513 ha), Greece (2 ha), Israel. Italy (446 ha), Kazakhstan (111 ha), Croatia (676 ha), Luxembourg (121 ha), Moldova (1,343 ha), Austria (1,863 ha), Portugal (18 ha), Russia (882 ha), Switzerland (12 ha), Slovakia (605 ha), Slovenia (676 ha), Spain (161 ha), Czech Republic (1,181 ha), Turkey (3 ha), Ukraine (2,702 ha) and Hungary (1,304 ha).
There are acreages in overseas Argentina (89 ha), Australia (4,114 ha), Brazil (9 ha), Chile (367 ha), China (437 ha), Japan (11 ha), Canada (871 ha), New Zealand (979 ha), South Africa (211 ha) and Uruguay (15 ha). In the United States this is a total of 4,852 ha in the states California (1,550 ha), Michigan. new York (276 ha), Oregon (314 ha) and Washington (2,558 h). In 2007 in San Francisco (California) International Riesling Foundation founded. The variety occupied a total of 49,997 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with an increasing tendency (in 2000 there were 43,166 hectares). It is in the worldwide varieties ranking in 18th place.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)