The wine-growing region is located in the very south Argentina
between the Pampa and Patagonia and includes parts of the provinces of La Pampa, Neuquén and Rio Negro. With around 50,000 hectares of apple and pear trees planted, the two provinces of Rio Negro and Neuquén are considered to be the Argentinian fruit chamber. The vineyards cover 5,500 hectares. At an average of 300 meters above sea level, they are the lowest in Argentina. They are located on the banks of the Rio Negro, Limay and Neuquén rivers, which provide the water for the artificial, which is essential due to the great drought irrigation
deliver. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Neuquén was dammed, creating a very fertile valley that is around 120 kilometers long and eight kilometers wide. The region is divided into the Alto Valle del Río Negro (which is considered the best), the Valle Medio del Río Negro, the Alto Valle del Río Colorado and the Valle Medio del Río Colorado.
In summer there are sunny, warm and mild days with cool nights. The climatic conditions and the chalky alluvial soil made of gravel and sand create ideal conditions, especially for white wines. The musts have a higher acidity and a lower sugar content than in the other regions of Argentina. That is why many base wines for the sparkling wine industry are produced here. The main types of white wine are Torrontés Riojano
. Pedro Giménez
, Sémillon, Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay and Riesling. Malbec and Merlot (whose successful cultivation was carried out by the well-known French oenologist Michel) dominate the red wine varieties Rolland
recommended), Syrah, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon and Bonarda. Well-known producers are Humberto Canale, Fabre Montmayou and Ghirardelli.