Geographically, this probably best known wine growing area Spain The majority of the vineyards with 62,000 hectares is located in the north-eastern province of La Rioja, but part of it is also in the provinces Basque country (Subzone Alavesa) and Navarra (Parts of subzone Rioja Baja). The area has a very old wine history. Numerous stone-carved fermentation tanks have survived, testifying to viticulture already in antiquity. The quest for designation of origin and choice quality have a very long tradition. Already around the year 1560 the winemakers decided on a uniform brand for their barrels in order to guarantee the identity of the wines from this area.
In 1635, the mayor of Logroño even forbid the traffic of wagons through streets lined with wine cellars. This was due to the concern that caused by vehicles vibrations the grape spoil and affect the maturity of the wines. The first written reference to one quality control dates back to 1650. In 1787, the "Real Sociedad Económica de Cosecheros de Rioja" (Royal Association of Rioja Winegrowers) was founded with the aim of promoting winegrowing, winemaking and wine trade. At the beginning of the 19th century, the custom of Batalla del Vino (Battle of the Wine), this great city festival is still celebrated annually.
One of the Rioja pioneers was Marqués Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga, who built in 1860 on his 200-acre estate, a Bodega Bordeaux-style and vines from the Bordeaux planted. After phylloxera invasion In the middle of the 19th century, many French winegrowers emigrated to this area and gave French viticulture a boost. In 1902, a royal decree was made with the definition of origin for the Rioja wines and a labeling rule. A Control Council founded in 1926 was given the task of limiting the Rioja area, supervising the issue of a "guarantee seal" and protecting the name of Rioja.
In 1953, the Control Council of the Denomination of Origin Rioja was founded, based on organoleptic samples and analytical Investigations check whether the wine meets the strict regulations. In 1991, a ministerial decree gave the region of origin Rioja the attribute "calificada" (qualified) and thus made it the first highest Spanish quality level DOCa,
The name derives from the river Oja (Rio Oja). The over 100-kilometer long area lies on both banks of the Ebro and on the slopes of the adjacent hills. There is a mild climate with short summer and beautiful autumn. The traditional form of education is the bush-shaped En Vaso ( gobelet ), but is getting more and more the wire frame education. The huge area of Rioja is subdivided into three sub-zones, which also differ in soil conditions and wine quality; the best is Rioja Alta:
Rioja Alta: The 24,000 hectare zone with the city of Haro as...