The white grape comes from Georgia; the name means "red stalk". There are around 70 Synonyms which indicate old age and widespread use. Some of them are grouped alphabetically by country Baiyu ( China ); Rkatziteli Yellow, Redwoods ( Germany ); Rkachiteli Bianco, Rkatziteli Giallo ( Italy ); Asangluri, Boudachouri, Budashuri, Budashuri Korolyok, Budasuri, Corolioc, Dedali, Dedali Rkatsiteli, Grousinsky, Grouzinsky, Gruzinsky, Gruzinsky, Kakhoura, Kakoura, Kakura, Khangluri, Khanlug, Korolek, Koroliok, Koroliok Rkaciteli, Korolyok, Kukoura, Kukura, Kurkura , Mamali Rkatsiteli, Rkaciteli, Rkaciteli Bijeli, Rkatiteli, Rkatsiteli Dedali, Rkatsiteli Mamali, Rkatziteli, Rkaziteli, Topolioc, Topoliok, Topolyok ( poor. Bul. Geo. Cheese. Kro. mol. rum. Rus. Ukr ).
As with many other Georgian varieties, it is said that it was cultivated as early as the 5th century AD. According to another unverifiable hypothesis, the 5,000-year-old found in the Georgian town of Wani in the Imereti region Kvevri (Clay jugs) supposedly contained kernels of this vine. And after a religiously motivated legend, it should even be the first grapevine to act at all from the biblical Noah's forefather was planted after the Flood or after landing with his ark. For all these assumptions, however, serious archaeological, botanical or genetic evidence is lacking.
It is certainly a very old vine. According to 2010 occurred DNA analysis is she with local Wild vines closely related. This suggests a direct domestication, which should have taken place centuries ago in the Lekhura region. According to the Swiss biologist dr. José Vouillamoz However, this assumption is based on fewer DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ). She was crossing partner of the new breeds Dunavski Lazur. Kangun. Pervenets Magaracha. Podarok Magaracha and Rkatsiteli Magaracha,
The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to frost and to some extent against the phylloxera, The grapes can reach high sugar contents with high acid content. It produces spicy, acid-colored, pale yellow white wines with a variety of aromas of stone fruits, apples and quinces. The versatile vine is used for the production of wines, sparkling wines. liqueur wines. distillates and also (also because it is durable for a longer transport and therefore well suited) for the production of table grapes used.
She was mainly in the former states of the USSR widespread; In 1990, 280,569 hectares of vineyards were recorded. That under Mikhail Gorbachev Decided in the mid-1980s grubbing-up program caused an extreme reduction. In Georgia With 25,324 hectares, it is the most common grape variety. There she will be in Kakheti for rustic wines in the traditional style with fermentation in clay pitchers ( Kvevri ) used. Further stocks existed in Armenia (2,469 ha), Bulgaria (3,121 ha), China. Kazakhstan (3,552 ha), Croatia (57 ha), Moldova (11,508 ha), Romania (356 ha), Russia (702 ha) and in the Ukraine (11,552). Overseas, there are small areas in the US States new York and Virginia, as in Australia, In 2010, a total of 58,641 hectares were reported, which means a reduction to about one fifth. It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking Rank 16.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)