The origin of the champagne house in Reims is in the company Dubois Père et Fils, which was first mentioned in 1760. This company was later owned by Nicolas-Henri Schreider, who is considered the official founder in 1776. He hired his nephew Louis Roederer (1809-1870) in 1827. After Schreider's death in 1833, the heir renamed the company Roederer, which is still used today. He succeeded in opening up new markets in America and England, as well as the Russian tsar Alexander I (1777-1825) as a buyer of his champagne to win. In 1870, Louis Roederer II (1846-1880) took over the company, which had since expanded considerably.
The Russian court remained loyal to Roederer champagne even under Tsar Alexander II (1818-1881). An extremely sweet champagne was produced for Alexander, which was particularly valued at the court and in aristocratic circles. For fear of the frequent attacks at the time and inspired by a champagne bottle from Mercier the czar's cellar master asked for transparent bottles so that he could quickly see a poisoned champagne. Roederer met the special request and the champagne was first delivered to Russia in 1876. The brand, known as "Cristal", was filled in bottles made of clear crystal glass with a flat bottom. Supposedly, the flat floor was required to prevent a small explosive device from being buried in the indentation of the bottle bottom excluded. This brand, which still exists today, is bottled like all other products in transparent bottles without indentation on the floor.
After the death of Louis Roederer, his sister Léonie Orly took over the business in 1880. After her departure, her sons Léon Orly and Louis-Victor Orly continued and added Roederer to their name. At that time, 2.5 million bottles of champagne were already produced annually. After the death of Léon Orly-Roederer in 1932, the widow Camille Orly-Roederer took the lead for the next 42 years. It opened up new markets and increased vineyard ownership. Your own vineyards in the Champagne comprise 240 hectares of vineyards in the three areas of Montagne de Reims, Vallée de la Marne and Côte des Blancs, with the majority of Pinot Noir. They will follow the rules of the biological (140 ha) and Biodynamic viticulture (100 ha) cultivated. This area covers two thirds of the need; the rest are supplied by contract winemakers.
The reserve wines are in for a very long time foudres (large Limousin oak barrels with a volume of 4,000 to 5,000 liters) and around 250 stainless steel tanks stored with almost 10,000 liters volume. The oak barrels have been in use for up to 60 years. The Dosage given. The vintage champagnes are stored for three to four years, the vintage champagnes ( Millésime ) five to six years on the lees. After this dégorgement the bottles are stored for six months before being marketed. The standard version is called "Brut Premier" and is made up of around 65% Pinot Noir, 30% Chardonnay and 5% Pinot Meunier assembled. Around 20% reserve wines are included. He grows longer at four years lees produced. The "Brut Vintage Milléssimé" vintage champagne is assembled from around two thirds of Pinot Noir and one third of Chardonnay and has been stored on the lees for at least five to six years. There is also a rosé version with around 80% Pinot Noir.
Two products are among the Cuvée de Prestiges, that means the absolute best champagnes of the house. The famous “Cristal” was reintroduced after the Second World War. It is a vintage champagne, which is assembled from 50 to 60% Pinot Noir and 40 to 50% Chardonnay. Only the finest wines from our own Grand Crus are used for this. The clear bottles are covered with yellow cellophane, which protects against ultraviolet radiation. There is also a rosé version of 70% Pinot Noir and 30% Chardonnay, which was first produced in 1974 and is one of the very best rosé champagnes.
In 1993 the majority of the champagne company Deutz accepted. Other estates and holdings in Bordeaux are the wineries Château de Pez, Château Haut-Beauséjour and Château Pichon-Longueville Comtesse, as well as the wine store Maison Descaves; the trading house Delas in Rhone Valley; the Portuguese port wine house Ramos Pinto in Douro; and the Roederer Estate in Anderson Valley, California. The company is still family owned and run by a descendant.
Louis Roederer: Par Roederer - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Cristal: Par Ecolin51100 - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0 , link
Vineyard: Par Ecolin51100 - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0 , link