Traditional wine glass widely used in Central Europe with a volume of 0.2 or 0.25 liters. According to an old version, the name comes from the Low German word "römen" (boast) and is supposed to mean "glory glass", meaning "splendor glass" and thus express exclusivity. However, the name is probably derived from "Vitrum Romarium" (Roman glass). In the past, it was used to refer to fragments of ancient Roman glass that were used in Germany for melting and from which these glasses were made.
The term was first used in 1501 in Neuss (North Rhine-Westphalia). The forerunner of the Roman was the Berkemeyer mug from the 16th century made of green forest glass, which is greenish-colored potash glass (picture on the left). What is significant is the bulbous, apple-shaped, thick-walled chalice on a thick stem that tapers towards the top and has a broad base. The foot is included for security of grip burl (Nuppen) occupied.
In the 20th century, numerous variants of the historicist Roman were created, the cupa (upper shell) of which was decorated with a variety of decorations such as coats of arms, vine leaves, flowers and geometric ornaments, as well as a gold-plated foot and glass rim. However, the dome is mostly smooth today (picture right). The Roman glass is typical of the area Rheingau, The glass is not suitable for professional wine tasting and is rather not used in upscale restaurants. It is mainly used in wine bars ( Buschenschank and Winery ) quite popular. See also under wine vessels and wine glasses,