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Today 's state winery in Moldova near the capital Chisinau, its name comes from the Russian Tsar Alexander I (1777-1825), who came from the dynasty of the eponymous Romanovs. Winegrowing in this ancient wine-growing region had totally declined due to 300 years of Ottoman rule. After the reign of the Tsarist Empire took over in 1812, the Moldavian wine industry was brought back to life. The founding of this winery at the end of the 19th century had a significant positive influence. Romanesti became the first supplier to the court, but the wines were also delivered to other European courts. The vineyards cover around 600 hectares of vineyards. Mainly the red varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Malbec, as well as the white varieties Aligoté and Rkatsiteli are planted.

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