In Central Europe widespread and traditional wine glass with 0.2 or 0.25 liter volume. According to an old version, the name derives from the Low German word "römmen" (boast) and is supposed to mean "fame glass", meaning "splendor glass" and thus express exclusivity. Presumably, however, the name derives from "Vitrum Romarium" (Roman glass). In former times fragments of old Roman glass were called, which one used in Germany for the melt and made these glasses out of it.
The term was first used in 1501 in Neuss (North Rhine-Westphalia). Forerunner of the Romans was the Berkemeyer cup from the 16th century made of green forest glass, which is greenish colored potash glass (picture left). Significant is the bulbous-apple-shaped, thick-walled calyx on a tapered, thick stem on a broad foot. The foot is used for grip safety burl (Nuppen) occupied.
In the 20th century numerous variants of the historicist Romans were created, the Kuppa (upper shell) were decorated with various decors such as coats of arms, vine leaves, flowers and geometric ornaments, as well as gilded foot and glass rim. The Kuppa is today mostly smooth (picture right). Typical of the area is the Roman glass in the Rheingau, For professional wine tastings, the glass is not suitable and is rather not used in the upscale restaurant operation. It is mainly in taverns ( Buschenschank and Winery ) quite popular. See also below wine vessels and wine glasses,