The white grape comes from France, Synonyms are Blanc de Villefranche, Bury, Celle Bruere, Dameret Blanc, Dameri, Damery, Daneri, Danneri, Dannery, Dannesi, Dannezy, Framboisé, Gros Blanc, Gros Blanc de Villefranche, Gros Plant de Villefranche, Lyonnaise Blanche, Maclon, Petit Dannezy , Petit Mâconnais, Plant de Breze, Ramorantin, Romorantes, Romorantin Blanc, Saint Amand and Verneuil. According to 2013 were done DNA analysis she is from a supposedly natural crossroads Pinot (after another analysis was Pinot Teinturier identified) x Gouais blanc emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The variety is named after the eponymous municipality in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France. Here, the French King François I (1494-1547) owned a country estate. Supposedly he left there in 1519 around 80,000 vines from the Burgundy import. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, the variety Romorantin was among them, but there is no historical evidence. After a much more credible thesis, the variety was brought to the town of Villefranche-sur-Cher around 1830 by an unknown winegrower and then spread throughout the département due to its good qualities.
The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine produces full-bodied, fresh white wines with aromas of pears, apples and cumin. In 1993, the variety was appellated Cour-Cheverny on the left bank of the Loire created. In the domain Domaine de la Charmoise in the community Soings-en-Sologne in the area Touraine exists a small parcel with originating from the year 1850, unrefined old vines this variety. The French acreage in 2010 totaled 72 hectares in the Loir-et-Cher (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : photographique IFV, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro