The white grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Blanc de Villefranche, Bury, Celle Bruere, Dameret Blanc, Dameri, Damery, Daneri, Danneri, Dannery, Dannesi, Dannezy, Framboisé, Gros Blanc, Gros Blanc de Villefranche, Gros Plant de Villefranche, Lyonnaise Blanche, Maclon, Petit Dannezy , Petit Mâconnais, Plant de Breze, Ramorantin, Romoranten, Romorantin Blanc, Saint Amand and Verneuil. According to 2013 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross Pinot (according to another analysis Pinot complexion identified) x Gouais Blanc emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The variety is named after the municipality of the same name in the Loir-et-Cher department in central France. The French king François I (1494-1547) owned a country house here. He allegedly left around 80,000 vines there in 1519 Burgundy import. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, the Romorantin variety was also among them, but there is no historical evidence for this. According to a much more credible thesis, the variety was brought to the town of Villefranche-sur-Cher by an unknown winemaker around 1830 and then spread throughout the department due to its good properties.
The medium-maturing, productive vine produces full-bodied, fresh white wines with aromas of pears, apples and caraway. In 1993 the appellation for the variety Cour-Cheverny on the left bank of the Loire created. At the Domaine de la Charmoise winery in the Soings-en-Sologne commune in the area Touraine there is a small parcel with unedited dating from 1850 old vines of this sort. The French acreage in 2010 totaled 72 hectares in the Loir-et-Cher (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : photographique IFV, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro